Jaundice can strike a newborn baby. Yellow baby signs are the skin and the whites of the little one’s eyes are yellow. This condition is generally harmless and can recover on its own in a matter of days to weeks. Even so, this condition could have endangered the Little One. Then understand the different signs.
Other signs of jaundice in infants are dark yellow urine when the newborn urine should be colorless, pale stools and yellowed palms and feet.
Why Can Yellow Babies Happen?
This condition occurs because your child has excess bilirubin (the yellow element) in his blood. Newborns have high blood cell levels, which triggers the production of bilirubin. Bilirubin itself is formed when old red blood cells are destroyed.
Actually the baby has had bilirubin since he was in the womb. But in the womb, your body secretes bilirubin to the baby through the placenta. After birth the baby cannot do it because the baby’s liver has not yet fully developed. This inhibits the process of removing bilirubin which should be excreted when urinating and defecating. This condition is called physiological jaundice. Your baby will start to turn yellow about 24 hours after birth and will get worse after four days, after which it will recover when about a week old.
However, although it is less common, yellow babies can also be caused by:
- Sepsis in infants
- Viral or bacterial infections
- Internal bleeding
- Liver damage
- Lack of certain enzymes
- Baby’s red blood cells are not normal so it can be easily damaged
- Rhesus mismatch and blood type between mother and baby
- There is a problem with the baby’s digestive system
Babies who are at risk of developing jaundice include babies born prematurely (born before 37 weeks), babies born in bruised conditions and babies who have difficulty consuming milk.
If Bilirubin Is Too High
Too high levels of bilirubin in your baby’s blood can penetrate into the brain, damage brain cells and cause encephalopathy. This condition is called acute encephalopathy bilirubin.
The following symptoms may appear:
- Throw up
- Bad suckability
- Difficult to wake up
- Neck and body curved backwards
- The skin is yellowing
- Often fussy and restless
If your baby shows any of the above signs, contact your doctor immediately so that your child gets the treatment as quickly as possible and avoid permanent damage to the brain or kernicterus.
What can you do?
In addition to medical treatment with phototherapy, you can also prevent the increase in bilirubin by giving him adequate intake. This intake can help the baby to release bilirubin in his body. You can breastfeed with ASI 8 to 12 times in 24 hours. Or if you are giving formula milk, make sure you give it according to the specified time. Usually formula milk is given around 6 to 10 bottles in 24 hours.
You also need to pay extra attention. Check the condition of the whites of the eyeball or skin twice a day to see if they are back to normal or getting worse.
Yellow babies with certain disease conditions can not be overcome by drying the baby in the sun. The best treatment can only be obtained at the hospital. If three days after birth the skin becomes more yellow, immediately contact a doctor.