Most ovarian cysts are not dangerous. However, there are also malignant ovarian cysts. Because of its often asymptomatic presence, ovarian cysts that were previously benign can potentially become malignant.
So, what are the characteristics of a benign cyst that has the potential to become malignant?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow in the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and can disappear on their own without special treatment. His presence was often not accompanied by symptoms.
New symptoms are felt when the cyst has enlarged, ruptured, or covered the blood supply to the ovaries. If you have entered that stage, you will feel symptoms such as:
- Frequent urination
- Changes in the menstrual cycle
- Pain accompanied by fever or vomiting
- Indigestion or easy to fill even though you only eat a little
- Pain during bowel movements
- Pelvic pain
- Pain during sexual intercourse
Symptoms of benign and malignant ovarian cysts are often difficult to recognize because of their similarity. But if you find the above symptoms accompanied by weight loss, fever, swollen feet, and shortness of breath, you need to immediately see a doctor and get an examination.
A woman who has menopause has a higher potential to have a cyst that is cancerous. Menopause is defined as the cessation of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Generally this happens to women in their 50s.
Types of ovarian cysts
Most ovarian cysts are not cancerous. Cysts related to menstruation are called functional cysts and occur in about 24 percent of cases. Functional cysts generally do not need treatment because they will go away on their own. 70 percent of ovarian cysts have the potential to cause disease but are benign. Finally, the type of malignant cyst. About 6 percent of cysts found in the ovaries are malignant and have cancer cells. The following are various types of cysts and their explanation:
This type of cyst is divided into two, namely follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts. Her presence is part of the sufferer’s menstrual cycle. In general, this type of cyst does not cause pain and will disappear by itself in a few months later without special treatment.
Unlike functional cysts, cysts of this type are not related to the menstrual cycle. There are many types of benign cysts, including dermoid cysts, cystadenoma cysts, and endometrioma cysts. Each benign cyst has the potential to develop into ovarian cancer. Therefore, it is generally removed through surgery or monitored regularly because something can be lost without medical treatment.
Dermoid cysts tend to occur in young women. This cyst can disappear by itself if its size is still small. This type of cyst rarely develops into cancer. In contrast to cystadenoma and endomentrioma. Both of these types are classified as benign. However, both also have the potential to have cancer cells.
These cysts contain cancer cells that cause ovarian cancer. In general, malignant cysts consist of benign cysts that turn malignant because it is too late to treat.
How to detect malignant cysts?
There are several ways that can help you find out if a cyst has the potential to cause cancer or not.
- CA-125 blood test. CA-125 levels in an ovarian cancer sufferer are generally high. You potentially have cancerous cysts if your CA-125 levels are high. However, this cannot be the only benchmark. CA-125 levels of a woman can also increase during menstruation, pregnancy, having pelvic inflammation, or endometriosis.
- Ultrasonography or ultrasound. This examination can be used to detect the type, shape, size, and location of the cyst.
- Biopsy. Although commonly used to detect cancer, this procedure can also be used to identify other conditions, such as cysts. A biopsy is a procedure for sampling a number of tissues from a part of the body for further examination. This examination is important to assess whether the disorder is benign or malignant.
You cannot use just one method to detect whether a cyst is cancerous or not. All three of the above need to be considered at the same time to determine the right steps for handling the cyst for your condition. Perform routine checks to find out the development of your cyst.