Have you ever heard the term anabolism? This biochemical process allows us to grow and repair damage in the body. Anabolism is an important process in life.
Biochemical processes that occur in the body of living things are called metabolism. There are two types of metabolic reactions, namely catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism reactions break down complex molecules into simpler forms, so they can be used by the body. Instead, anabolism is responsible for forming molecules that are more complex than simple molecules.
Anabolism Reaction Function in the Body
Anabolism allows the body to build or grow new cells and maintain body tissues. This process uses the energy produced by the catabolism reaction, and is influenced by various hormones and enzymes to form and repair cells and tissues. Examples of anabolic processes include bone growth and mineralization, as well as increased muscle mass.
The role of hormones in anabolic reactions
The following hormones are categorized as anabolic hormones.
Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-1 and IGF-2).
This hormone is made in the pituitary gland (small gland below the brain). Its function is to regulate body growth. Too much growth hormone in childhood can cause a person to grow taller than average (gigantism). Meanwhile, if too little can cause height less than average (dwarfism).
Insulin-like growth factors stimulate protein and fat production. IGF-I and IGF-2, which work together with growth hormones, play an important role in the growth and development of bones and various body tissues, including the mammary glands and in the process of reproduction (procreation). This hormone controls the production of growth hormone by the pituitary gland (pituitary), as well as blood sugar levels.
This hormone is made by the pancreas gland. Insulin is in charge of regulating glucose (sugar) levels in the blood, helping the body convert food consumed into energy, and helping to store energy reserves. Body cells cannot utilize glucose without insulin.
Testosterone is a male hormone produced in the testes. Testosterone causes sperm formation and development of male sex characteristics, such as heavier sounds, bigger muscles, and hair growth on the face and body. The hormone testosterone plays an important role throughout the body because it affects the brain, bone and muscle mass, fat distribution, blood vessel system, energy levels, and sexual organs and functions. Not only in men, the hormone testosterone is also produced in a woman’s body, but in less amount. In women, this hormone is produced in the ovaries.
Estrogen is a female hormone produced in the ovaries (and placenta during pregnancy). The hormone estrogen is responsible for strengthening bone tissue, developing female body shape characteristics, such as breasts, plays a role in thickening the tissue in the uterus (endometrium), and regulates the menstrual cycle. In small amounts, estrogen is also produced in fat and muscle tissue. This is the main source of estrogen in women who have gone through menopause. Men also produce the hormone estrogen, but fewer in number.
The process of anabolism is very important for the body. Without this process, continued growth and cells in our tissues and organs will not occur. Consult your doctor if you experience symptoms of hormonal disorders, so get treatment before the condition affects the process of your body’s anabolism.