Tartar is a dental plaque that hardens and grows little by little. Initially, dental plaque is formed when bacteria in the mouth mix with protein and food debris. If not cleaned, the plaque can cause tartar.

If tartar is left and is not treated immediately, irritation and inflammation of the teeth and gums will easily appear.

What are the effects of tartar and how to prevent it

Various Effects of tartar

The most common effect if you have tartar is the process of brushing your teeth and flossing becomes ineffective. Disruption of the teeth will facilitate the process of breaking the layer of teeth caused by acids and removed by oral bacteria. This will facilitate the appearance of cavities or tooth decay.

In addition, the effects of other tartar are as follows:

  • Become a place for bacterial nesting

  • Overall, tartar has a serious effect on oral health especially if it grows above the gum line. Because this is the right place for bacteria to nest, then infiltrate the gums to make it damaged, and experience irritation and inflammation.

  • Causes gingivitis, aka gingivitis

  • One of the most common effects of tartar is gingivitis. After gingivitis occurs, while tartar remains, the gums are just waiting for time to get periodontitis. The disease is in the form of pus pockets that arise between the gums and teeth.

  • Increases the risk of tooth loss

  • When the body’s defense system performs a resistance reaction against bacteria in the tooth pus bag, the bacteria will simultaneously release self-defense substances. As a result, dental bones and surrounding tissue can be damaged. If it continues, then be prepared to lose teeth, while experiencing thinning bones where the teeth are embedded.

  • Triggering heart disease and stroke

  • The emergence of heart disease and stroke can also be related to gum health. It is suspected that bacteria and microorganisms contained in dental plaque can enter the bloodstream and cause inflammatory reactions. This condition causes damage and blockages in blood vessels. If blood flow is blocked, the risk of heart disease and stroke will increase.

A study shows, the risk of cancer patients dying faster is associated with high levels of plaque in the teeth. Although this has not been fully proven and still needs to be studied more thoroughly, maintaining oral health should not be taken lightly.

Prevent and Treat Tooth Tartar

Some actions that can be taken so that tartar is not rampant in the mouth so that the bad effects can be prevented, including:

  • Brushing teeth

  • Brushing your teeth twice a day for at least two minutes is considered to be able to prevent the growth of tartar. Use a soft toothbrush and can reach the back of the molars.

  • Use toothpaste that contains flouride

  • Toothpaste containing fluoride is considered able to prevent plaque from developing into tartar. This type of toothpaste is also more effective in repairing damaged teeth. It would be better if the toothpaste used also contains trichlosan that is able to fight bacteria that reside in dental plaque.

  • Flossing

  • Cleaning teeth with dental floss or flossing is the most effective solution for cleaning plaque between the teeth, thereby reducing the possibility of tartar formation. Flossing still needs to be done, even though it’s brushing teeth regularly.

  • Reduce sweet food and drinks

  • Bacteria in the mouth are very closely related to the type of food consumed. They thrive when sweet and starchy foods are consumed. Bacteria will release harmful acids if they meet the two types of food above. The best way to reduce the possibility of tartar formation is to limit these types of food.

  • Avoid smoking

  • Smoking makes it easier to form tartar.

To completely remove tartar, you should consult a dentist. In addition, it is recommended to check the condition of the teeth and mouth every six months.

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