Nearly 1 in 10 Indonesians have hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B vaccination is one type of vaccine that must be given to newborn babies. Even adults can avoid dangerous infections by these vaccinations.
The hepatitis B vaccine is intended to ward off liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus. Vaccination is also intended to prevent various effects that can be caused by hepatitis B infection, such as liver cancer and cirrhosis.
Hepatitis B vaccination can be given together with other vaccines, in addition to a single administration. This vaccination can protect you from hepatitis B infection which can cause you to feel sick both in the short term and in the long term, even for life.
Hepatitis B vaccination is expected to protect infants and children as a group who are at high risk of developing chronic infections. For children to teens under the age of 19 who have never been vaccinated against hepatitis B, it is recommended to get it immediately.
Adults also do not mean they are not at risk of hepatitis B infection. There are certain conditions in adults with a higher risk of infection, including:
- Have a partner infected with hepatitis B.
- Have chronic liver or kidney disease.
- Contact with household appliances from someone infected with hepatitis B.
- Medical workers, or those related to blood and other fluids from the human body.
- Staff and residents in psychiatric institutions.
- Injecting drug users.
- HIV sufferers.
Hepatitis B vaccination consists of safe ingredients that will not cause hepatitis infection. This vaccine is effective for all ages which are usually given as many as 3-4 injections in a six month period.
The Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) recommends infants receive four doses of hepatitis B vaccination, the first dose at birth, the second dose at 1-2 months of age, the third dose at 3 months of age, and the fourth dose at 4 months of age. Some infants receive four doses when using combination hepatitis vaccination.
Hepatitis B vaccination should be given as early as possible, before the baby is 12 hours old, to prevent the virus from entering the baby’s body before the vaccine.
Hepatitis B vaccination for adults is divided into three doses. The first and second doses with a lag time of 1-6 months. Ask your doctor, if there is a special dose for you personally based on certain conditions. If you are suspected of having a high risk of hepatitis B infection, an additional dose can be given two months after the first dose is received.
Some mild reactions after vaccination that often occur, such as pain at the injection site and fever. More severe side effects or other problems after vaccination rarely occur. However, for those who have experienced an allergic reaction to hepatitis B vaccination before, please be careful. Consult a doctor if you have the condition.
How to Get Hepatitis B Vaccination
Hepatitis B vaccination is included in five basic types of immunization, the cost of which is fully subsidized by the Government. Infants and children can get hepatitis B vaccination, along with free BCG, Polio, DPT-HB and measles immunization at Posyandu or Puskesmas. Meanwhile, hepatitis B vaccination for adults can be done in a hospital, based on personal awareness and at their own expense.