The vulva is one of the outer parts of the vagina that has an important role in protecting the inside of the vagina. The female sex organ, commonly called the vagina, is actually a closed muscular channel. The vagina consists of two parts, namely the inside and outside.
The vulva is the tissue around the vagina, which is the outermost part of the overall female reproductive system.
The function of the vulva as a sexual organ
The vulva consists of several main structures namely the labia majora, labia minora, the clitoris, the Batholin gland, and also pubic hair or pubic hair.
As an intimate organ, the vulva has an important function in sexual activity. The vulva consists of many nerve sensors and with appropriate stimulation, will be able to produce sexual satisfaction, and help you reach orgasm.
When a woman is aroused during sexual activity, the vulva will appear enlarged due to increased blood flow from the vaginal wall. While on the inside, the top of the vagina will expand.
During penetration, hair that grows on the vulva will function as a barrier and barrier against harmful viruses and bacteria, so it does not enter the body. So there is really no need to shave pubic hair unless there are certain medical conditions such as pubic lice infection.
Risk of Disease that Can Be Regarding Vulva
The health of the vagina and other reproductive organs is very important. If not treated properly, can be affected by various diseases. Includes:
A cyst in the Bartholin gland
Lichen simplex chronicus
Folliculitis is caused by bacteria that infect hair follicles. Symptoms look like a small lump, red and painful. In addition to the vulva area, folliculitis can appear on the labia majora which can be caused by shaving, waxing, and even friction.
Symptoms of contact dermatitis are pain, itching, burning or stinging. This happens due to irritation of the skin due to the use of perfume, soap or certain irritating clothing.
If it is blocked, Bartholin’s glands under the skin in the outer portion of the vagina, can cause the formation of cysts in the form of lumps.
It looks like thick, scaly plaque on the vulva area that causes itching. Can occur due to skin diseases or contact dermatitis that has lasted a long time.
Recognized by symptoms of itching, heat, and pain during sexual intercourse. In addition, the vulva skin will look white and wrinkled. Not infrequently appear white bumps on the skin which is basically dark purple.
Thinning of the vulva skin caused by a decrease in the amount of estrogen before menopause.
Symptoms include itching, heat, inflammation, pain, lumps or sores on the vulva. In addition, other symptoms can be a change in skin color or a lump in the groin. Vulvar cancer can be caused by HPV infection. In addition, the vulva can also be affected by skin cancer (melanoma) or paget disease (osteitis deformans) which is an indication of cancer in other body parts such as the breast or large intestine.
Immediately consult a doctor, if there are changes in the skin of the vulva, or pain, pain or itching. Do not leave the situation without proper treatment.
There is a culture or belief in society to circumcise women. Circumcision in women is generally done from infancy to the age of 15 years, before puberty begins. Unlike male circumcision, female circumcision is considered a form of child abuse, and there is no medical benefit.
In addition, female circumcision is very painful, endangering health, and causes various problems in the long run. There are at least four types of female circumcision, namely removing or cutting part or all of the clitoris (clitoridectomy), removing or cutting part or all of the clitoris and labia majora (excision), cutting part of the labia majora with or removal of the clitoris (infibulation), and covering all procedures other dangerous (including piercing, burning, and scratching the female genital area).
Tips for Caring for Intimate Organs
Maintaining the health of reproductive organs is very important. Some things to consider to maintain the cleanliness of the vulva and sex organs as a whole, including:
- Rinse the vulva with warm water. Then dry with a clean cloth slowly. Do not rub.
- Don’t use soap or toilet paper with fragrances.
- Avoid using pads or tampons with plastic coatings or additional fragrances.
- Keep sprinkling of powder from intimate organs. Also avoid sex organ cleaning products.
- Use cotton underwear. Avoid clothes that are too tight.
- Perform intimate relationships by using safeguards, such as condoms, to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
- HPV vaccination to prevent diseases such as cervical cancer.
- Avoid smoking and alcoholic drinks because they can affect sexual function.
- Perform routine checks on the sex organs to ensure their health condition.
The intimate organs, including the vulva, need special attention. If there are changes or complaints related to the vulva, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.