Red eye is very annoying. Not only does it feel uncomfortable, this condition can also interfere with your daily activities. However, red eye is a condition that can be prevented by maintaining cleanliness and avoiding a number of particles that cause eye irritation or infection.
Red eyes tend to interfere with activities such as communicating with others. In addition, red eyes also feel disturbing for sufferers especially if you have a number of other symptoms such as pain, tenderness, itching, watering, festering (rubbing), or swelling so as to make vision become blurry. Symptoms of red eye can also be accompanied by fever, enlarged lymph nodes, severe headaches, and vision problems. If you experience these symptoms, immediately seek treatment from an eye specialist.
Causes of Red Eye
Red eye is caused by blood vessels at the base of the white membrane (sclera) experiencing swollen eyes. This swelling occurs due to the entry of dust or foreign particles into the eye, infections, allergies, injuries, frequent exposure to the sun, and dry eyes.
Here are a number of causes of red eye, including:
Conjunctivitis is one of the most common and contagious eye inflammation if caused by a virus or bacteria. This situation can be caused by infection, allergies, or irritation. This disease is caused by inflammation in the conjunctiva, the lining that covers the eyeball and the inner surface of the eyelid. This causes the blood vessels in the eyes to swell, making the eyes look red, and as if it feels rough.
Allergic conjunctivitis can be symptomatic, itchy, watery, swollen, and symptoms appear after exposure to allergens (allergens). If caused by a bacterial infection, symptoms can be accompanied by suppurating eyes, painful or itchy eyes, redness and swelling. Viral infections of the eye often make eyes red, itchy, and watery. To prevent this, avoid trigger factors that can cause red eyes and itching such as dust, and do not get used to rubbing or scratching the eyes.
Dry eye syndrome occurs when the tear glands do not produce enough eye fluid, both in terms of quantity and quality, or because too many tears evaporate into the air. This makes the eyes dry and irritated so they look red. Dry eyes can also be triggered by hot and dry or windy weather, the use of contact lenses continuously, or inflammation of the eyelids due to certain diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and Sjorgen’s disease. Risk factors for developing dry eyes are frequent exposure to the sun, wind, or dust, menopause, cigarette smoke, vitamin A deficiency, and a low omega 3 diet.
To overcome this dry eye disorder you can try to give eye drops or artificial tears (artificial tears), these drugs can be purchased freely without a doctor’s prescription. Use every 2-3 hours or according to instructions and how to use the ones listed on the packaging or as directed by your doctor. Compress warm water and clean the eyes with a gentle baby shampoo can also help lubricate the eyes and clean the eyes from germs and dust.
Working too long at the computer can make your eyes tired, dry, or even runny. In addition, you also tend to feel headaches and extreme fatigue. Eyes blink less often when you work at a computer or TV. This is what then makes the eyes dry and red. Be sure to rest every few hours and apply eye drops if needed to keep the eyes moist and healthy.
Eye injuries, for example due to accidents, exposure to foreign objects or chemicals, small scratches that cause blisters, new corneas undergoing surgery, exposure to excessive ultraviolet light, or burns can cause red eyes. This happens because your eye vessels dilate to drain more blood to the site of injury so healing can proceed faster. If the blood vessels in the eye are injured, bleeding will occur. If there is a foreign object that accidentally enters and injures the eye, immediately see a doctor so that it can be treated immediately.
In addition to triggering tears, chloroacetophenone (CN) and chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (CS) chemicals contained in tear gas can also irritate the eyes, making them look red and feel sore.
Tips for Preventing Red Eyes
No need to worry, red eye is not a serious condition if treated immediately. Infection can be avoided by proper treatment. In many cases, this condition can be prevented by maintaining cleanliness and avoiding a number of particles (irritants) that trigger red eye. Follow these tips to prevent red-eye:
- Avoid trigger factors that can make red eyes such as dust.
- Wash your hands with soap and clean water when in contact with people with eye infections.
- Stop rubbing or scratching eyes.
- Reducing activities that make the eyes tired and stay away from materials or particles that irritate the eyes.
- Clean the make-up on the eye when it has been used.
- Avoid wearing contact lenses for too long than recommended. For contact lens users, clean the lens and replace the lens according to the instructions on the packaging or doctor’s instructions. Do not use lenses while sleeping, and avoid using lenses that are not true.
- Wash eyes immediately with clean water if the eyes are contaminated with foreign particles.
- If you are often outside the home or in areas that are exposed to much sunlight, use special glasses to protect the eyes from sun exposure and foreign matter.
The use of eye drops is one form of treatment to relieve red eyes. After being treated, usually the condition of the red eye will gradually improve in a short time. Red eye treatment is tailored to the cause. If it is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotic drops or oral need to be given according to a doctor’s prescription. If it is caused by an allergy, avoid precipitating factors and your doctor may give you allergy relief medications such as antihistamines to reduce itching and inflammation. For red eyes accompanied by complaints of dry eyes, artificial eye drops (artificial tears) are the right choice.
If symptoms of red eye are accompanied by pain, nausea, severe headache, impaired vision or the eye becomes sensitive to light, there is a history of injury to the eye or eyes exposed to chemicals, see a doctor immediately. However, if this condition does not improve soon, it is advisable to contact an ophthalmologist to get appropriate treatment.