Antibiotics can eradicate and help overcome the symptoms of germ infection but are not effective for viral infections. To be able to treat infections, antibiotics need to be consumed correctly and according to doctor’s recommendations. However, even antibiotics cannot cure all diseases. The use of antibiotics that are not in accordance with the indications actually risks causing dangerous bacterial immunity.
Antibiotics can be a lifesaver if used appropriately, and vice versa, can endanger health if not consumed as indicated or without following the rules of use recommended by your doctor. Try to note the right steps in taking the following antibiotics.
How to consume antibiotics appropriately
- Tell your doctor about supplements or medications that you are taking. Remind if you have a history of certain drug allergies.
- Take antibiotics according to doctor’s prescription and recommendations. Don’t stop taking drugs just because you feel better.
- Do not leave antibiotics. It is also not recommended to give antibiotics that have been prescribed specifically for you to others.
- Take antibiotics with water. You are not advised to take antibiotics with alcoholic drinks, milk and juice.
- Consult with your doctor when the right time to take antibiotics. Do not force the doctor to give antibiotics, if there are no indications.
Antibiotics are a class of drugs to treat bacterial infections. There are various types of antibiotics available on the market, but antibiotics are usually grouped according to how they work. Each type of antibiotic only works against certain types of bacteria or parasites. That is the reason different antibiotics will be used to treat different types of infections.
Selection of Appropriate Antibiotics
The choice of antibiotic depends on several things, including:
- The intended type of bacteria.
- Which part of the intended bacteria.
- The intended use is to kill all bacteria or to limit their development.
- How long will the antibiotic be used.
- How the antibiotic will be used.
Other factors that influence the choice of an antibiotic include the severity of the infection, the condition of the kidneys and liver, the consumption schedule and other medications that accompany it, the possible side effects, and the patient’s allergy record to antibiotics. Or, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, there are a number of antibiotics that are considered unsafe to take so the doctor will not give you the drug. Doctors sometimes also choose specific antibiotics if they know of certain patterns of infection in your community.
The proper use of antibiotics can treat germ infections, but it is different from viral infections. The use of antibiotics to treat viral infections, such as colds, respiratory infections due to viruses, and strep throat is inappropriate. Furthermore, using too much antibiotic can trigger bacterial resistance or resistance to antibiotics.
Potential of Germ Resistance to Antibiotics
What if one day antibiotics are no longer effective against bacteria? That is really worrying, considering that so far antibiotics are the mainstay drugs in treating various types of diseases caused by bacteria, ranging from skin and ear infections to life-threatening blood infections.
Bacteria can develop very quickly. Bacteria are also able to adapt and survive the effects of antibiotics. This is called antibiotic resistance, which is when antibiotics are not able to destroy bacteria that could previously be treated.
Excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics is a problem that can encourage resistance, as well as the potential to cause side effects and allergic reactions.
Antibiotic resistance is now referred to as a global health problem, including in Indonesia. Unlike other drugs, the use of antibiotics has broader consequences. When a person abuses antibiotics, it helps to create invulnerable germs, with the possibility of causing new infections and is difficult to treat both himself and those around him. Therefore, it is wise to take antibiotics to protect the personal health, family, and surrounding communities.
In contrast to over-the-counter medicines, your steps in taking antibiotics without doctor’s advice have severe consequences later on. In addition, to maintain health and limit the growth of germs, it is also important to live a clean and healthy lifestyle, such as getting used to washing hands.