The fact is smoking is bad for your health and also for others. When someone smokes, most of the smoke does not enter the lungs of smokers. However, most cigarette smoke is released into the air, so that the smoke can be inhaled by passive smokers. Although not directly smoking, passive smokers can also be affected by the bad effects as well. The more often a person is exposed to or exposed to cigarette smoke, the higher the risk of health problems they experience.
The health effects of smoking are a problem that occurs globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are more than 7 million deaths due to diseases caused by cigarette smoke every year. Around 890,000 cases of death occur in passive smokers around the world.
When exhaled by smokers, cigarette smoke does not just disappear. Cigarette smoke can stay in the air for up to 2.5 hours. Cigarette smoke will still be there even if it is not detected by your sense of smell or vision. This also applies in closed spaces that are not extensive, such as in a car. In fact, cigarette smoke may still be present in large quantities even though the person has stopped smoking.
Bad Effects of Cigarette Smoke
Tobacco smoke contains about 4000 chemicals and more than 50 of them have been linked to cancer. Inhaling cigarette smoke can have a bad impact, both temporarily and in the long run. Exposure to cigarette smoke can cause symptoms such as irritated eyes, headaches, coughs, sore throats, and dizziness.
At least, cigarette smoke contains several types of chemicals, such as hydrogen cyanide (a highly toxic gas used in chemical weapons and pest control), benzene which is also found in gasoline, formaldehyde (a preservative used to embalm corpses), and carbon monoxide (a poisonous gas found in car exhausts).
- Ear and respiratory system infections such as pneumonia and bronchitis
- Middle ear infection that can cause hearing loss
- Sudden infant death syndrome
In adults who do not smoke
Always inhaling secondhand smoke can increase a person’s risk of developing lung cancer by 25 percent. In addition, passive smoking also increases the risk of coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease can cause heart attacks, chest pain, and heart failure. Inhaled cigarette smoke can also cause hardening of the arteries, or what is called atherosclerosis. This can be caused by fats, cholesterol, and other substances (such as chemicals in cigarettes) that form in artery walls. Hardening of the arteries can cause narrowing of the arteries and block blood flow.
In pregnant women
Pregnant women who are exposed to secondhand smoke are at higher risk for complications such as miscarriages, stillbirths, and underweight babies.
Children who breathe cigarette smoke are more at risk of developing conditions such as:
Not only are the health of children of passive smokers disturbed, their academic abilities are also lower than those of children who are not exposed to cigarette smoke.
In addition, children who are raised by parents who smoke tend to become smokers when they grow up. Be a good example for your child by stopping smoking. Besides being good for children’s health, stopping smoking also brings benefits to your own health.
Tips to Avoid Cigarette Smoke
There are several places that should be wary of passive smokers. Preventive measures can be applied to these places, including:
- You can politely ask smokers not to smoke when with you. If that doesn’t work, you can stay away so that you don’t inhale the cigarette smoke.
- Making a house free of cigarette smoke is one of the best ways you can do to maintain family health. Prohibit anyone who wants to smoke in the house.
- Cigarette smoke can be found in a number of public places such as buses, stalls and cafes. If you decide to go to a public place, try to choose a non-smoking place or area that is free from cigarette smoke. Some restaurants and malls have set rules prohibiting smoking in public places by making special places for smokers.
- In addition, you can also use a mask or mouth cover when outside the home. To minimize inhalation of cigarette smoke.
After understanding these ways, now you are better able to prevent the family from the bad effects of passive smoking.