Anemia in pregnant women is one of the risks to watch out for because it can affect the health of the mother and fetus. What are the symptoms and how to overcome them?
Anemia in pregnant women that is not handled properly can increase the risk of dangerous complications, such as preterm labor. In addition, anemia can also increase the risk of low birth weight in infants. On the maternal side, anemia can increase the risk of postpartum depression and postpartum maternal death.
Carefully Recognize Symptoms of Anemia
Pregnant women need more blood cells to support fetal development. Anemia in pregnant women can cause these needs are insufficient, so oxygen is channeled to the body’s tissues and the fetus becomes limited.
What needs to be observed is, sometimes anemia symptoms in pregnant women also look similar to pregnancy symptoms that are generally experienced. Moreover, mild anemia may not cause obvious symptoms.
If anemia is getting worse, chances are pregnant women will experience several symptoms such as:
- Tired quickly and felt weak
- The skin looks pale
- Irregular heartbeat
- Hard to breathe
- Chest pain and headache.
In addition there are some symptoms that rarely occur, including:
- Feeling itchy
- Changes in the sense of taste
- Hair loss
- Ears ringing
- Thrush on the edge of the mouth.
To confirm the diagnosis of anemia in pregnant women, it is necessary to have a blood test. Blood tests are generally done at the first pregnancy check up, then done one more time during pregnancy.
How to Overcome Anemia when Pregnant
Pregnant women need 27 milligrams of iron per day. To overcome anemia in pregnant women can do the following ways:
Take iron supplements
Increase intake of iron-rich foods
Meet the needs of vitamin C
The most common iron supplement given is ferrous sulphate, which is consumed 2-3 times per day. However, some people experience side effects from the consumption of iron supplements, such as abdominal pain, diarrhea or constipation, heartburn, nausea, or dark stools. Consult a doctor if you experience these side effects after taking iron supplements.
Apart from supplements, iron deficiency can also be managed through a healthy and regular diet. Increasing your intake of iron-containing foods is one way to prevent and treat anemia in pregnant women. Eat foods with balanced nutrition, then add at least three servings of iron-rich foods. Examples of foods that contain lots of iron include:
– Fish, red meat, chicken.
– Dark green vegetables.
– Nuts and seeds.
– Iron fortified cereals.
– Egg and tofu.
In order for the body to absorb iron to the maximum, vitamin C is also needed, which can be found in oranges, strawberries, kiwis, and tomatoes. Combine foods that are high in iron and high in vitamin C, for optimal intake.
Do not underestimate anemia in pregnant women, because the danger of anemia in pregnant women can interfere with fetal development and overall health conditions of pregnant women. Consult your doctor to undergo an examination of iron in the blood if you experience symptoms of anemia in pregnant women as mentioned above.