The emergence of bumps on the body, such as bumps on the head often triggers anxiety. Lumps on the head is one location that needs attention. What are the possible causes?
There are various causes of the appearance of a bump on the head. Generally it is not dangerous, but it can be a sign of a more serious problem. In order to get the right treatment, let’s find out various kinds of causes of bumps on the head that might occur.
Here are some of the causes of bumps on the head:
Tumor on the head
Head injuries usually occur due to the impact of hard objects on the head. Generally when a person bumps and has a head injury, the lump will appear as the body’s natural response, due to blood seeping from broken capillaries under the skin. If the injury is mild, a bump on the head usually goes away by itself after a few days.
But in some cases of injury, it is necessary to get serious attention. Especially after a hard collision occurs, the person experiences fainting or loss of consciousness, clear discharge from the nose or ears, bleeding in one or both ears, constant headaches, and vomiting. See a doctor immediately because a severe head injury can cause a concussion.
Lumps on the head can also be caused by tumors. Tumors that grow on the head can be benign or develop into cancer. One type of tumor that can cause a bump on the head is pilomatrixoma.
Besides appearing on the head, it can also appear on the face and neck. Lumps that usually appear on pilomatrixoma tumors generally do not cause pain. However, surgical removal is necessary because this type of bump on the head can not disappear by itself. Although rare, pilomatrixoma tumors can turn into cancer.
Cancer in the head is closely associated with neck cancer. This is due to the presence of different malignant tumors that develop around the tissues of the head and neck organs. Types of cancer that are closely associated with cancer of the neck and head include cancers of the mouth, nose, sinus, salivary glands, throat, nose, and sinuses.
Someone who has neck and head cancer will usually feel the appearance of lumps or pain that does not heal around the neck and head, sore throat that never goes away, difficulty swallowing, and hoarseness. To diagnose this disease, it is necessary to do a physical examination and certain tests such as biopsy to find out cancer that may be suffered. Several actions can be taken, including surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.
Cyst is a closed sac under the skin or in the body. Cysts that can be found on the scalp include dermoid cysts and sebaceous cysts. The contents of the dermoid cyst can be a collection of hair, skin glands, and even teeth. Moderate sebaceous cysts arise from clogged skin oil glands.
Lipomas look like soft lumps, which can grow on various parts of the body, including on the head. Lipomas include tumors that are harmless and develop slowly. There is a possibility of pain if the lipoma compresses the nerve. These fatty tissue tumors can be single or consist of several lumps, usually measuring no more than 5 cm.
This condition occurs due to inflammation of the follicles or hair roots which can cause small bumps on the scalp. In addition, it can also occur around the face. This condition can be caused by infection of the hair follicles or chemical irritation. More likely to be experienced by people with diabetes, obesity, or who experience immune system disorders.
Bumps to Watch Out for
Various conditions can indeed cause a bump on the head. However, consult a doctor immediately if a lump appears:
- No known cause.
- Does not go away after 2 weeks.
- Its size is getting bigger.
- Feels sick and red.
- Feels hard when pressed.
- Regrowth after removal or removal.
- Turned into an open wound.
The doctor will do a physical examination and support, such as an ultrasound examination, CT scan, or biopsy to determine the cause.
Treatment to treat a lump in the head must be adjusted to the cause. Therefore, it is important to find out the cause of a lump in the head by going to the doctor, so that proper treatment can be done.