Vaginal fluid, or commonly known as vaginal discharge, which is normal is that it is colorless or odorless. This fluid keeps your vagina clean and prevents infection. Vaginal fluid abnormalities can be a sign of a disturbance in the sex organs or even your body’s health. Here are changes in vaginal fluid that need to be aware of.
Vaginal fluid is normally clear or vaginal discharge and has no odor. Vaginal fluid actually plays an important role in maintaining the cleanliness of intimate organs by bringing dead cells and bacteria out of the vagina and cervix. This fluid can increase and give off a different odor during lactation, ovulation, or when you are sexually aroused.
However, vaginal fluid that needs to be watched out for is when there is a change in color, thickness, and the resulting aroma. It is also worth noting if changes in vaginal fluid are accompanied by other conditions, such as itching, pain, and bleeding.
Recognize the characteristics and causes
All changes in vaginal fluid can indicate vaginal infection. Beware if:
- A change in the color of vaginal fluid, for example, from usually white to greenish yellow.
- Vaginal fluid has an unpleasant or sharp odor.
- The volume of vaginal fluid suddenly increases or the fluid looks lumpy like cheese.
- Vaginal discharge accompanied by other symptoms, such as itching or pain in the genitals.
- Bleeding occurs outside of menstruation or after sexual intercourse.
Infections that cause changes in vaginal fluid generally occur due to an imbalance of good bacteria and the cause of diseases of the vagina. The specific causes of vaginal fluid abnormalities are:
- Thrush in the vagina due to fungal infections.
- Infection in the vagina due to bacterial vaginosis.
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as trichomoniasis, chlamydia, genital herpes, or gonorrhea.
Abnormal vaginal discharge can also be caused by the use of certain objects or complications from other diseases, such as:
- Corticosteroid consumption.
- Take antibiotics.
- Take birth control pills.
- Use of scented soap or lotions.
- Cervical cancer.
- Vaginal atrophy: drying and thinning of the vaginal wall during menopause.
- Irritations around the vagina or vaginitis.
By recognizing the characteristics and causes of abnormal vaginal fluid, you now know what things you need to do next.
What to do?
Check with your doctor is the best way to diagnose the cause of discoloration and odor of vaginal fluid. The following guidelines can be preliminary information:
White or gray liquid with a fishy aroma.
Thick or white liquid accompanied by itching.
Yellow, green or even foamy liquid.
Vaginal fluid that causes the area around the genitalia to blister.
Abnormal fluid with pain or bleeding.
If this kind of fluid comes from the vagina, especially after sexual penetration, you may experience bacterial vaginosis or BV. These relatively common infections sometimes cause irritation or itching. This condition can usually be treated with antibiotics.
This condition is generally caused by a fungal infection that causes pain and itching around the vagina. This fluid is not transmitted through sexual contact, although sometimes it can still cause itching in your partner. This condition has been experienced by almost all women. This condition can also be treated with over-the-counter antifungal drugs.
This fluid is generally high in volume, smells bad, and is caused by trichomoniasis. This infection is caused by a parasite. Itching, pain, and swelling around the vagina, and pain during urination are other symptoms that may be felt. Immediately consult a doctor to get the prescribed antibiotic metronidazole.
This condition is caused by the herpes virus which causes pain and blisters around the vagina. Immediately consult a doctor to get an antivirus tablet.
This condition, which is commonly caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea, causes genital pain that is usually felt during urination. Bleeding usually occurs after sexual intercourse. Sexually transmitted diseases that are not handled properly can cause pelvic inflammation, infections of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. Immediately consult a doctor to get treatment with antibiotics.
If the complaint recurs frequently or after the completion of treatment the symptoms reappear, you are advised to consult a doctor to get an examination and appropriate treatment. To determine the cause of the complaint, in addition to carrying out a physical examination, sometimes the doctor will perform vaginal fluid analysis.
Abnormal vaginal fluids can be prevented by always maintaining the health and cleanliness of your sex organs in a natural way. Try also to live a healthy lifestyle to avoid diseases of the intimate organs. Use condoms as a safety during sex and do not change sexual partners to avoid various sexually transmitted diseases.