Wearing high heels makes the body be in an abnormal posture. This situation can put pressure and posture that is at risk of causing injury to the knees, legs and back. Know what risks can occur if you use high heels often.

High heels put excessive pressure on the soles of the front legs (forefoot balls) and make the weight of the body rest on only certain parts so that the balance of the body is maintained. In the long run, this condition risks causing changes in posture which results in various bodily disorders.

Risk of Wearing High Heels

Happy mid adult woman trying high heels in footwear store

Changes in Posture When Wearing High Heels

Wearing high heels makes the body have to adjust posture to maintain balance. Your body weight also shifted towards the front causing the legs to have to rely on additional body weight by 20 percent. The lower body leaning forward, the hips and knees, making the body or upper back should lean more back. Likewise, when walking in high heels, hip and knee muscles that play a major role in every movement of your feet, will work even harder. This position also makes the knee get more pressure.

In addition to limiting the movement and energy of the ankle joint, high heels also keep the knee bent when walking.

The Risk Behind High Heels

In the long run, changes in body postures above pose a risk of some of the following diseases.


    Pressure on the knee due to the use of high heels can be one of the triggers for osteoarthritis. This condition occurs due to friction at the ends of the bones making up the joints resulting in inflammation and pain.

    Achilles tendinitis

    The Achilles tendon is a connective tissue that plays an important role in the movement of the foot when walking. The use of high heels continuously and in the long run can cause inflammation of this tendon and cause tendinitis. This condition occurs due to inflammation of the Achilles tendon or connective tissue that connects the calf muscles in the lower leg back to the heel bone. In addition to calf muscles that feel tense when stretching the legs, this disease is characterized by pain and swelling in the heel when you walk. If you often get inflammation or injury, the Achilles tendon will risk a tear. This condition will make you unable to walk.


    High-heeled, pointed shoes bring excessive pressure to the front of your foot or just below your toes. This condition can cause acute pain in the area which if not treated immediately will be felt in the long term or even cause cracks in the leg bones.


    Increased weights on your toes make your body lean forward when standing and walking. As a result, there is excessive pressure on the knees, hips, and lower back. It is the change in posture that causes sciatica, which is a condition when the sciatic nerve is pinched and causes pain, and numbness to the lower leg. If in addition to these symptoms there are other symptoms, such as difficulty controlling urination or bowel movements and weakness in the legs, then you need to immediately see a doctor to prevent complications continue.

    Plantar fasciitis

    Some women who wear high heels often experience shortening of the Achilles tendon due to elevated heels. Though this tendon is designed to be able to move flexibly. This condition triggers plantar fasciitis, which is inflammation and pain in plantar fascia (thick tissue at the bottom of the foot that connects the heel bone to the toe).

    Crooked toes

    Continuous pressure on the soles of the forefoot due to the use of high heels, especially those that are pointed or too small in size can result in foot deformity as follows.

  • Hammer toes: the condition when the three middle toes become bent.
  • Bunion: lump of bone in the joint at the base of the big toe.

    Fine fracture

    Shoes with very high heels can press the palms and toes and the nerves around them. Continuous pressure on these bones can risk triggering a crack or fine fracture.

    Sprained ankle

    Stilettos or shoes with high heels and taper are the most at risk of causing injury. The weight of your body that rests only on the two sharp edges puts you at high risk for falls and sprains, especially on slippery floors or road surfaces.

    Lower back pain

    Wearing high heels can change the shape of the spine and cause lower back pain due to stretched back muscles or pinched nerves.

In addition to some of the conditions above, high heels or high heels should also not be used too often in pregnant women. This is because if pregnant women wear high heels too often, it is feared that it can make the body and legs feel painful.

Physical examination by supporting examination with X-rays, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), or ultrasound can be used to detect the type of disease or injury that occurs due to the use of high heels.

Stay Healthy with High Heels

Given the many risks that might occur, do you have to stop using high heels altogether? No need, because there are several steps that can be taken in order to still be able to look stylish while maintaining foot health.

  • If you use high heels every day, for example for work, you should choose a height no more than 2-3 cm. Bring flat footwear to wear during work breaks or on your way to leave or go home.
  • Interspersed use of high heels with shoes that are more comfortable, for example sneakers, which makes the feet can move naturally and freely.
  • Wear shoes with the highest heels only occasionally on special occasions, such as parties.
  • Avoid choosing high heels with a pointed toe or a size that is too small. In addition, rather than stilettos, it is better to choose shoes with wider cross-section rights.
  • Stretch your legs every day to stretch your calf muscles to your toes.

Being selective in choosing high heels and paying attention to when to use them can make you appear confident but also avoid the risk of injury and illness. If you experience complaints such as severe leg or lower back pain, limping or posture changes when walking, tingling or numbness in the legs, legs feel weak to be moved, or there are complaints of difficult bowel or bladder due to excessive use of high heels, that’s a sign you need to immediately get an examination and treatment from a doctor.

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