Rashes or red spots on a baby’s skin are common. This means the baby’s sensitive skin is adapting to the new environment. Most rashes and red spots are harmless and can heal on their own.
Baby’s skin can be sensitive to foreign objects. Here are some common red spots on the baby’s skin, but it is recommended not to diagnose the red spots on your baby’s skin. Always consult a pediatrician to get the right diagnosis.
The most common type of eczema in infants and children (but can continue into adulthood) is atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis). Eczema causes the baby’s skin to become itchy, dry, red, and cracked. Eczema is usually caused by sensitive skin or allergies. In general, eczema appears on the folds of the skin, such as behind the knees, folds of the elbows, folds of the neck, and areas around the eyes and ears.
To deal with eczema, keep your baby from extreme temperatures and anything that can interfere with the condition of the skin. Wash your baby two or three days and dry the skin with a gentle pat. Apply the ointment or cream that is recommended by the doctor and do not use deodorizers or fabric softeners when washing. Always try to see a doctor if the eczema doesn’t get better.
Diaper rash usually occurs when the baby’s skin is too long exposed to urine or feces. Diaper rash can be overcome by routinely changing baby diapers and applying a cream or ointment to diaper rash before wearing diapers. However, if bright red spots appear or the skin becomes swollen, blistered, dry or cracked, immediately consult the child to the doctor. These symptoms indicate a fungal infection.
Hand, foot and mouth disease
Characterized by fever, loss of appetite, sore throat, pain in the mouth, and a rash that does not feel itchy. This disease causes rashes or red spots on the hands and feet, and mouth ulcers. This disease can also appear in the baby’s buttocks area.
Diseases caused by viral infections can be transmitted through coughing, sneezing, or used diapers, but can heal by themselves in 7-10 days. To prevent the spread of disease, make it a habit to wash your hands. If you feel worried, contact a pediatrician.
Hives or urticaria are redness or itchy rashes on the skin that appear as an allergic reaction to certain objects or substances such as food, medicines, stinging nettles, bees, and cold or hot temperatures. This non-communicable rash usually disappears after a few days. Hives can also be a sign of a serious allergic reaction, anaphylaxis, if accompanied by shortness of breath or swollen face. Anaphylaxis requires emergency treatment. If the hives do not heal within a few days, consult your baby immediately to the doctor.
Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria. Impetigo starts with the appearance of rashes and blisters that break, until it leaves a thick brownish yellow crust and creates red sores or blisters. Impetigo tends to appear around the nose and mouth accompanied by itching. If left untreated, this infectious disease can heal itself within 2-3 weeks, but if treated it can heal faster. This disease can be transmitted through direct contact or if you share the use of goods with sufferers. Impetigo can be treated with creams, ointments, or antibiotic tablets.
Many babies are born with milia, which are white spots that appear on the nose, chin, eyelids, or cheeks. Milia is caused by pores that are blocked by keratin, which is a kind of protein produced by the skin. Usually milia will disappear by itself in a few weeks. To deal with milia, gently wash your baby’s face once a day with water and baby soap.
Red spots on the baby’s skin usually appear when the weather feels hot and humid, and the baby is dressed too thick. Prickly heat can cause mild swelling, itching, and tends to appear on the baby’s head, neck, shoulders, arms, or legs. To overcome this, move the baby to a cooler room or bathe in cold water. Also, wear thin, non-layered clothing.
Ringworm is a skin disease caused by a fungal infection. The skin looks red, ring-shaped, inflamed, and feels itchy. This rash usually appears on the head, legs, or groin. Ringworm is not a serious condition and most mild cases can be treated with antifungal creams. Ringworm is transmitted through direct contact from skin to skin or using objects that are also used by sufferers.
Slapped Cheek Syndrome
This is a viral infection that causes fever and a bright red rash on both cheeks, resembling marks as if slapped. Red rashes can be itchy and risk spreading to other limbs. Slapped cheek syndrome does not need to be treated because it will heal by itself within a few days.
Rashes on baby’s skin are generally harmless. But there is one red spot on the baby’s skin that must be wary of, namely meningitis. Meningitis is inflammation of the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. Early signs of meningitis in infants include:
- Babies are unresponsive
- Stiff on the neck and body
- Throw up
- Pale skin
- Do not want to eat
- Limp baby
- Red or purplish rashes that do not fade when pressed with glass
- There is swelling in the crown
Immediately consult your baby to the doctor or hospital because this condition is a serious condition that is at high risk of causing disability and even death.
Some rashes or red spots on the baby’s skin is not a dangerous disease and does not require serious treatment. But it is advisable to check the changes that occur in the baby’s skin to the doctor, in order to get a diagnosis and treatment that is appropriate and safe for the baby.