Suicide is the way a person does to end his life. Those who decide to commit suicide, do so by hanging themselves, taking drugs in excess of doses, drinking toxic liquids, or using weapons. Men in their 40s to 50s are more likely to commit suicide.
Usually, this is done secretly so it is difficult to prevent. Therefore, it is important to recognize the triggers and signs of someone who wants to commit suicide. Who knows, the people closest to you save these desires. Then, it is your duty to prevent him from doing that.
Trigger Factors Someone Want to Suicide
Suicide can affect anyone, but there are several characteristics and conditions that increase the risk. However, a person may be more likely to attempt suicide if he has a mental disorder. About 90 percent of people who commit suicide experience psychological problems at the time of their death.
Here are some conditions that can trigger suicide, including:
Threshold Personality Disorders
People who have bipolar disorder will experience very drastic mood changes. Who had felt very happy and excited, suddenly can turn into sad, not excited, and even depression. These people have a 20 times higher risk of attempting suicide, compared to normal people. It is estimated, one in three people with bipolar disorder will try to kill themselves at least once during their lifetime. People with bipolar disorder who also have anxiety problems have a higher risk of attempting suicide.
The characteristics of people who experience severe depression are feeling hopeless, bad mood, feeling tired, or losing interest and motivation in life. These characteristics can have a negative impact on the life of the person as a whole. In the end, this can trigger them to be more likely to attempt suicide.
Stay away from food as much as possible and always lie that they are not hungry or have eaten, those are signs of anorexia nervosa. People with this eating disorder feel themselves fat, so that makes them constantly lose weight. They really control and limit what they eat. It is estimated that 1 in 5 people with anorexia nervosa will attempt suicide at least once in their lifetime. The death rate due to suicide is quite high in sufferers of this eating disorder, especially in adolescent girls.
This disorder is also called borderline personality disorder (BPD). The main sign someone has a threshold personality disorder is often self-harm. Another sign is emotional instability and sometimes difficulty in socializing. These people tend to have a history of sexual abuse in childhood and have a higher risk of suicide. It is estimated that more than half of people with this disorder will attempt suicide at least once in their lifetime.
Frequent hallucinations, changes in behavior or belief in things that are not true are signs of people with schizophrenia. It is estimated, 1 in 20 people with schizophrenia will try to commit suicide.
In addition to the mental conditions above, other factors that can also trigger someone to commit suicide are:
- Have experienced sexual harassment.
- Social and economic factors, such as: job loss or debt.
- Have certain sexual orientations such as gay, lesbian, or transgender.
- Prisoners or someone just released from prison can also have suicidal ideation.
- Become a victim of bullying.
- Poor sleep quality and lack of sleep are also associated with an increased risk of suicide in the elderly group. Elderly people who experience sleep deprivation have an increased risk of suicide.
What are the Signs?
There are a number of signs that someone who has the will to commit suicide might show or show, for example:
- Often talk about death.
- Expressing his despair in living life is like saying, “Why do I live in the world?”
- Self-harming behavior.
- Threatening to kill yourself is like saying, “If you choose him, I’ll kill myself.”
- Storing drugs that can be misused.
- Become a drug user or drunkard.
- Often angry suddenly.
- Reckless and involved in activities that risk lives.
- Withdraw from people around him.
- Often seen feeling anxious.
- Start making wills.
- Reduced weight due to changes in appetite.
- Loss of interest in many things.
- Having trouble sleeping and often feeling restless.
When there are people nearby who show these signs or experience conditions that can trigger suicide, you must be vigilant. As much as possible give extra attention to him, embrace him or ask him to consult with a doctor. Observe also his movements lest he do things that could endanger his life, especially when he was alone.
Advise him to avoid alcohol and drugs that can be misused to commit suicide. In addition, encourage him to exercise regularly, at least three times per week. Physical activity can stimulate the brain to produce chemicals that can make it feel more relaxed and happy.