Babies who cannot speak and often cry often make their parents confused to detect whether they are just hungry, sleepy, or really sick. Get to know the signs of a serious baby’s disease early.
A dangerous baby disease will be easier to handle if you get help immediately. In this case, the role of parents is very important to be able to recognize the early symptoms that are unusual in babies.
Recognize and Anticipate Common Symptoms
In order to recognize the symptoms of a serious illness in the baby early, the first step is not to panic in observing your baby’s movements. Look at the general changes below carefully.
- Cries sound unusual and occur continuously. Can be loud with a very high tone or vice versa that is heard is a weak cry.
- The baby’s body droops when he is appointed or the baby seems more sleepy than usual.
- The baby’s face looks pale, freckled, or even pimples.
- Vomiting in large quantities, especially if the vomit is green.
- Do not want to suckle or eat as usual.
- Less urine in the diaper or blood in the stool.
- Body temperature above 38 degrees Celsius, especially in infants under the age of 3 months, or vice versa, under 36 degrees.
- High body temperature, but the feet and hands feel cold.
- Body temperature does not go down after the baby is given a fever-lowering drug.
- Difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, or even an unusual sound when breathing.
- A reddish purple rash that does not disappear after the glass is rolled over it.
- The baby has a seizure for the first time.
Some newborns with certain conditions are more at risk of developing serious illnesses than others. Give extra attention to the baby if the mother or baby has the following conditions:
- The baby is born before 37 weeks in the womb.
- The mother has group B. streptococcal disease
- Have had a baby with group B. streptococcus
- The mother has an infection or fever 24 hours before or after giving birth.
- Mother’s amniotic rupture is more than 18 hours before the baby is born, especially if the baby is born 37 weeks of gestation.
- The mother receives antibiotics which are given intravenously to a vein.
Also, be on the lookout for infants younger than 3 months who have a fever> 38C. It is better if he is checked immediately by a doctor or taken to the ER.
Types of Infant Disease and Treatment
There are several types of serious diseases that are at risk for infants. Follow your hunch and recognize the following illnesses with the following symptoms that can harm the baby, and how to handle it.
Diarrhea is a condition when the baby is defecating in a liquid form and is too frequent due to viral, bacterial, or allergic infections. If not treated immediately, diarrhea can cause dehydration which endangers the baby’s life.
Symptoms it is rather difficult to distinguish the symptoms of diarrhea with normal bowel movements in breastfed babies. Pay attention if the stool is more fluid and more frequent than usual. Dry diapers, dry mouth and eyes, and a limp body can be a sign that the baby is dehydrated due to diarrhea.
Handling: if it does not improve, take it to the doctor, especially if he also has a fever, bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Your doctor may recommend electrolyte fluids.
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a virus that causes respiratory infections that often attacks babies under one year old. This condition is more at risk for premature babies.
Symptoms: low fever, cough, runny nose, and baby’s breath sounds.
Handling: take the baby outside the room for a few moments to breathe fresh air. Avoid pollution such as cigarette smoke around the baby. However, take your child to the doctor immediately if these symptoms are seen when he is under 3 months old.
Otitis media is an ear infection that occurs when germs develop in a pile of fluid in the middle ear.
Symptoms: babies may be fussy, cry when eating or breastfeeding, do not want to lie down and often wake up because they feel pain in the ear.
Handling: straighten his body so that the liquid can dry out. Breastfed babies are also shown to be less at risk of ear infections. In addition, avoid babies from pollution such as cigarette smoke and dust. But the most important thing is to have your baby checked by a doctor because an infection that is not treated immediately can cause hearing loss.
Diabetes in children
Diabetes in infants can occur when mothers have high sugar levels during pregnancy.
Symptoms: babies are born with a size that is much larger than usual, babies experience yellow, weakness, even seizures, bluish skin, rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, swollen face, to tremors.
Handling: if known at the outset, the doctor can provide special handling measures. After birth, the baby’s blood sugar levels need to be checked continuously. Immediately breastfeeding a baby after birth is one step to prevent blood sugar levels from being too low.
Retinoblastoma is a malignant tumor in the retina that can occur from the womb, when a newborn baby, until the toddler. This baby disease most often occurs at the age of 12-18 months.
Symptoms: baby’s pupils appear white, sometimes only appear when photographed. Can also occur pupils appear reddish or larger than normal, and poor vision.
Handling: Immediately take it to the eye specialist to get the right treatment.
Meningitis is inflammation due to viral or bacterial infections in the membrane between the protective membrane of the brain and spinal cord.
Symptoms: stiff neck, high fever, very severe headaches, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion, redness, drowsiness, not eating or drinking.
Handling: consult a doctor immediately if there are signs of meningitis in the baby.
When should babies be brought to the emergency room?
You may have difficulty determining when to bring your child to the ER. The following are some situations that can guide you in making a decision. Call an ambulance or immediately take your baby to the emergency room if he is: poisoned, experiencing unstoppable bleeding, convulsions, shortness of breath, fainting, severed limbs, burning, almost drowning, lips or skin appear pale, fall or bump with serious conditions, feeling a really bad stomachache.
Staying calm is the key to dealing with serious infant illnesses. As a precaution, always put the telephone numbers of pediatricians, the nearest hospital, and ambulance in places that are easily found at home.