Parents need to be aware of pneumonia in children who can be characterized by early symptoms such as coughing and respiratory problems. This lung infection disease, if not handled properly, can cause serious disorders in children, even fatal, especially children under the age of five years.
The causes of pneumonia are quite diverse, ranging from bacteria, fungi, and a number of viruses. Even the flu virus can also trigger pneumonia in children.
Imuntas Imperfect System
The immune system in children who are weak or not fully formed can not eradicate a mild initial infection, so the infection can spread to the lungs and cause pneumonia. Pneumonia in children can cause difficulty breathing and reduced oxygen intake.
Children who have a higher risk of pneumonia include:
- Infants who do not get breast milk (ASI)
- Malnourished children
- Children with HIV
- Children affected by measles infection
- Did not get immunized
- Babies are born prematurely
A number of environmental factors can also increase a child’s risk of pneumonia, for example parents who smoke or live in densely populated settlements.
Beware of Symptoms of Pneumonia in Children
Parents should not wait until the child droops to make sure that the child is indeed sick. When the child’s breathing rhythm becomes fast, and the child looks uncomfortable when breathing, parents have to readily take him to the doctor. This can be a symptom of pneumonia.
Pneumonia in children can also be accompanied by several symptoms such as the following.
- Nasal congestion.
- Throw up.
- Wheezing or breathing sounds.
- Difficulty breathing, chest and stomach bulging.
- Feels pain in the chest.
- Feel pain in the abdomen
- No appetite
- Cry more often than usual.
- Difficult to rest.
- Pale and lethargic.
- In severe cases, lips and finger nails can turn bluish or gray in color.
To ensure pneumonia in children, the doctor will check breathing patterns, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and listen for abnormal breathing sounds from the lungs. In further examination, imaging may be needed with X-rays on the child’s chest and blood tests, and examination of sputum samples to determine the type of germ.
If pneumonia in a child is caused by bacteria, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. To ensure healing, take antibiotics until they run out, according to the dose and amount given by the doctor. In addition to administering antibiotics, also make sure the child gets enough rest and fluids so that body fluids remain adequate.
Ways to Prevent Pneumonia in Children
This disease can be transmitted through saliva splashes when people with pneumonia cough or sneeze, including touching a patient’s handkerchief. Besides it can be transmitted through various eating and drinking equipment belonging to patients.
For this reason, in order to avoid this disease, there are several preventative steps that can be taken:
Implement healthy and clean living behaviors
Give breastfeeding to the baby for at least the first six months. This is important to strengthen the child’s immune system naturally against disease. Inadequate the nutritional needs of children by giving them fruits, vegetables, and other nutritious foods.
Including Hib immunization (haemophilus influenzae type B), measles vaccine, and pertussis vaccine or whooping cough known as DPT immunization (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus). This immunization is the most effective way to prevent pneumonia.
Includes personal hygiene such as washing hands before eating, environmental hygiene such as keeping children away from cigarette smoke or air pollution, making sure to also maintain sanitation, such as house hygiene and good air ventilation, and to process food cleanly.
Don’t let pneumonia in children cause more serious conditions. Maintain cleanliness and meet the nutritional needs of children, and do not forget to provide immunizations on schedule.