Not only can mosquito bites cause itching on the skin, but also has high potential to bring various diseases. There are simple ways that can be done to prevent yourself from mosquito bites, especially types of parasitic carriers or dangerous viruses.
Most mosquito bites are harmless. The bite marks are only limited to bumps and can disappear by themselves without special handling. But you never know whether mosquitoes that bite you carry the risk of dangerous diseases, such as dengue fever and malaria or not. So try to minimize the risk by protecting and avoiding yourself from mosquito bites. The following steps can be a guide.
Prevent Mosquitoes from Entering and Staying indoors
Mosquitoes that will enter the house or are already inside the house can be handled in certain ways, with or without chemicals. The following are choices that you can use.
- Using a fan is effective enough to prevent mosquitoes from sticking and biting the skin.
- Mosquito coils. Although effective enough to repel mosquitoes, the smoke from this mosquito coil burn turns out to contain several toxic substances that have the potential to cause health problems. The use of this drug should also be avoided if there are babies or children and asthma sufferers at home.
- Placing a mosquito net around the bed can be a safe mosquito barrier, especially for babies and toddlers.
- Anti-mosquito electric racket can also be a mosquito repellent that is free of chemicals and can be used indoors and outdoors. But keep this device out of the reach of children.
- Mosquitoes breed in water, try to get rid of stagnant water near your home. Empty objects that can make water puddle, such as buckets, used cans, and plastic waste once a week. Also make sure the septic tanks stay neatly closed and not leak.
- It is also important to keep the grass and other plants around the house properly trimmed. Put anti-mosquito gauze on doors and windows so that mosquitoes can not enter the house.
- You can also use candles that contain fragrances and essential oils, which can repel mosquitoes, as well as air fresheners. Some scents such as lemongrass, lavender, eucalyptus, and soy can apparently help repel mosquitoes. In addition, avoid the fragrance that contains the fragrance of flowers or fruit, which actually attracts mosquitoes and insects.
- Sprinkle larvicides once a month to kill mosquito larvae, especially in places that are difficult to drain such as water tanks and bathtubs.
- Fogging / fogging can be done by officers in an area (housing, school, office) according to the life cycle of a mosquito to prevent it from breeding.
Protect the skin
Sometimes when in a certain place, such as a garden or traditional market or even at home, mosquito bites become inevitable. Even so, you can still work around this in simple ways.
- Apply anti-mosquito lotion. Use anti-mosquito medication or lotion according to instructions, especially when applying it to children. Use anti-mosquito lotion containing picaridin / KBR 3023, DEET, and eucalyptus lemon oil. This content makes mosquitoes can not identify yourself as a prey. However, wash your hands immediately after use. This needs to be done to avoid eye irritation and contamination of food consumed by hand. In addition, avoid using this lotion in children under the age of three, pregnant women, and nursing mothers. Avoid using anti-mosquito lotion on the face.
- Telon oil: this traditional oil contains fennel, eucalyptus and coconut oil. Fennel oil can prevent mosquito bites for up to 2 hours. Kayuputih oil has an aroma similar to eucalyptus and tea tree oil is also said to prevent insect bites such as mosquitoes.
- Avoid using perfumes or fragrances that will attract mosquitoes to perch.
- Always close your car window if you are in some places at risk of being bitten by mosquitoes.
- Avoid to scratch when the skin is bitten by a mosquito. When you scratch, it can make the skin become injured and open, which allows bacteria to enter and cause infection. Clean the skin with a mild soap and warm water, apply an ointment containing hydrocortisone or antihistamine, or calamine lotion to reduce itching.
- Anti-mosquito bracelet. This tool is not proven effective for protecting the skin from mosquito bites. From the research that has been done, the best effect of preventing mosquito bites is obtained from anti-mosquito lotion that is applied directly to the skin.
To help monitor environmental cleanliness and check mosquito larvae, the government urges every house to have a Jumantik (larvae monitor). Aside from using mosquito repellent facilities, the key to avoiding insect bites is to maintain a clean house and surrounding environment regularly. And do not forget to protect the skin from mosquito bites in several ways above.