What happens if experts in the health sector don’t find drugs? Certainly, we will hear the screams of the patients’ pain from behind the door of the medical room.
In the field of health, anesthesia is called anesthesia, which means ‘without sensation’. The purpose of drugs is to numb certain areas of the body or even make you unconscious (fall asleep). By applying the anesthetic, doctors can freely perform medical procedures that involve sharp equipment and body parts without hurting you.
How do drugs work?
Anesthetics that make a person unconscious are called general anesthesia. Local and regional anesthesia is applied to certain areas of the body and does not cause loss of consciousness.
In general anesthesia, anesthetics work by stopping nerve signals that make you aware and awake so they don’t reach the brain. As a result, you will be unconscious so that you will not feel pain when the doctor underwent medical procedures or other procedures. This drug can also regulate breathing, circulation and blood pressure and heart rate and rhythm.
After the effects of the anesthetic disappear, the nerve signals will function as before and a few moments later you will feel pain due to these medical measures such as pain in the area of the skin slashed. If you are taking an anesthetic that makes you fall asleep, you will regain consciousness after the effects of the medication are gone.
During local and regional anesthesia, an anesthetic is injected around the nerve that sends pain signals. Anesthetic will work by stopping the signal. The effect of this anesthesia lasts several hours to several days, depending on the type and how many doses are taken.
Types of anesthesia
Three types of anesthesia are used in medical science including local, regional and general anesthesia.
- Local anesthesia. This type is usually used for minor medical procedures or small operations. This anesthetic can make a small area of your body numb. For example, you undergo a small operation to lift the fish eye on your feet. The doctor will only apply the anesthetic to the area of the skin where the fish’s eye is overgrown. That part will be numb but you remain conscious. Other conditions requiring local anesthetic procedures are suturing small wounds and filling in cavities.
Regional anesthesia. Most of your body can be numbed with regional anesthesia. Your doctor may also give other medicines that can make you feel relaxed or asleep. Regional anesthesia is subdivided into epidural, spinal, and peripheral nerve block. One of the uses of regional anesthesia is Caesarean section.
General anesthesia. Anesthetic is injected into a vein so that it affects the brain and the whole body so that you are unconscious or fast asleep. This type of anesthesia is usually done to support the doctor’s performance when undergoing major surgery.
Sometimes doctors can give two types of anesthesia to help you deal with pain such as a combination of regional and general anesthesia. This combination can overcome the pain after surgery.
Side Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics may cause side effects that make you uncomfortable such as nausea, vomiting, itching, dizziness, bruising, difficulty urinating, feeling cold, and shivering. Usually these effects do not last long.
In addition to side effects, complications may occur. Here are some bad things, though rare, that might happen to you:
- An allergic reaction to the anesthetic.
- Permanent nerve damage.
The risk of side effects and complications depends on the type of anesthetic used, age, health condition, and how your body responds to the drug. The risk will be higher if you have an unhealthy lifestyle, such as smoking, consuming alcohol, and using drugs, as well as being overweight or obese.
To prevent this from happening, it’s a good idea to follow all the procedures the doctor recommends before undergoing anesthesia, such as intake patterns. Your doctor may ask you to fast from the night before. Consumption of herbal medicines or vitamins should be stopped at least seven days before the medical treatment.
Although rare, allergies to drugs can be inherited. Therefore, find out if any of your family members have a bad reaction to the drug. If there is, tell this doctor.