Dizziness during pregnancy is common in the early trimester of pregnancy. Although fairly common, it is important to overcome dizziness during pregnancy so as not to interfere with the activities carried out.
Dizziness during pregnancy can occur due to low blood pressure in the body. The decrease in blood pressure during pregnancy is caused by the activity of the hormone progesterone during pregnancy which relaxes and widens the walls of blood vessels
Various Causes of Dizziness during Pregnancy
In addition to early trimester pregnancy, dizziness during pregnancy can also occur in the second and third trimesters. In the second trimester, the growth and development of the fetus in the womb make the body have a lot of blood and fluid. This will increase blood pressure so that it can cause pregnant women experience headaches and dizziness.
Meanwhile in the third trimester of pregnancy, dizziness can be caused by reduced blood flow due to compressed blood vessels by fetal body weight. The baby’s weight will press on the blood vessels in the legs, pelvis, and lower body, especially when the pregnant woman lies on her back so that her blood pressure decreases.
Dizziness during pregnancy at this time can also arise due to a slightly increased body temperature. Hotter body temperatures are a common occurrence during pregnancy as fetal growth increases the temperature of the mother.
In addition to the conditions above, some of the following can also cause dizziness during pregnancy.
Make a change of position too fast
Lying too long
Low blood sugar levels
Like from a sitting position then standing. This condition can cause postural hypotension, which is not enough time for blood to reach the brain due to changes in position that are done too quickly.
Pregnant women who lie too long are also at risk of dizziness. About one in 10 pregnant women experience it related to low blood pressure in the body.
Dizziness during pregnancy is also experienced by many pregnant women who lack food intake so that their blood sugar levels are low. The time is prone to this incident usually around late afternoon.
Suffering anemia during pregnancy due to low iron levels in the body, can cause dizziness during pregnancy.
How to deal with dizziness when pregnant
Although dizzy during pregnancy is considered normal, but there are many actions that can be done to overcome or at least reduce it.
Drink enough water
Eating iron-rich foods
Use comfortable loose clothes
Do not bathe in hot water
Don’t lie on your back for too long
Eating regularly is expected to create stable blood sugar levels. Ideally, pregnant women eat small portions, but often. Avoid sugary foods that can raise sugar levels immediately, but only for a short time and after that sugar levels will decrease dramatically. Almonds, bananas, and savory biscuits are safe and easy to carry to maintain regular food intake and stable blood sugar levels.
Inadequate body fluid needs with water consumption. Avoid drinks that contain caffeine such as tea, coffee, and carbonated drinks, which will stimulate pregnant women to continue urinating.
Adequate iron will prevent pregnant women from anemia. Consumption of iron-rich food sources, such as lean red meat, poultry, beans, and cabbage. If you want to take iron supplements, make sure you get supervision from a doctor.
Loose and comfortable clothes will prevent pregnant women from being overheated and experiencing excessive body temperature rise. If it still feels lacking, drink water and use a fan to cool the body.
Move to launch the circulation system. If the work requires standing for long periods of time, often shifting positions or alternating using legs that are used as a support. Meanwhile, if the work of more pregnant women to sit, take a walk occasionally must be done so that blood circulation is smooth. Do not sit with your legs crossed because this can increase the risk of blood clots in the veins in the legs.
Bathing using water according to room temperature. If you feel dizzy during your shower, move slowly or ask for help from others. Avoid using a spa or jacuzzi because it can increase body temperature and it is not safe for pregnant women.
Quitting smoking during pregnancy is a very wise action. Besides dangerous to the fetus in the womb, cigarette smoke can also cause dizziness during pregnancy.
Supine for a long time will cause pressure on the main blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart, thus inhibiting the circulatory system. In addition, lying on your back can also reduce oxygen supply to the fetus. Lying to the left is safer. Also, make sure to sit slowly first when you want to get up, do not immediately stand up.
If the above methods are still not able to overcome dizziness during pregnancy, do not hesitate to consult an obstetrician. Pregnant women are also required to visit a doctor if experiencing dizziness during pregnancy coupled with bleeding from the vagina and severe stomach pain.