There are some things that are misunderstood about high blood pressure or hypertension.
The condition of high blood pressure that is not treated properly is the beginning of the emergence of various deadly diseases. There are several things about high blood pressure that are not understood correctly.
The following are some of the misunderstandings that occurred:
High blood pressure is not a big problem
Blood pressure refers to the pressure in the walls of arteries when blood is pumped by the heart to all members of the body. Blood pumped by the heart flows through blood vessels that can flexibly expand and narrow. High blood pressure or hypertension occurs when your blood presses against a blood vessel wall too hard.
This disease is often referred to as a silent killer. Except for a checkup, there are no specific symptoms that make you realize you’re suffering from high blood pressure. Though this condition is a source of causes of various dangerous diseases such as stroke, heart disease, kidney damage, and other important organs.
If One Number Of Blood Pressure Is Normal, Means There Is No Problem
The best time to measure blood pressure is when you are resting and sitting or lying down. Blood pressure is measured by looking at two numbers, below and above a measuring device called a tensimeter. The two numbers are:
Diastolic blood pressure
The number below that indicates lower blood pressure when the heart is resting temporarily, between two heartbeats. The numbers that appear are interpreted as follows:
- 90 or more: high blood pressure / hypertension.
- 80-89: prehypertension.
- 79 or below: normal blood pressure.
- 150 or more: hypertension over the age of 60 years.
- 140 or more: hypertension.
- 120-139: prehypertension.
- 119 or below: normal blood pressure.
- Stop smoking and avoid becoming secondhand smoke or frequent exposure to cigarette smoke.
- Exercise regularly. Active or better, exercise 20-30 minutes every day.
- Limit or if possible, avoid consuming alcohol.
- Keep your body weight normal with a regular combination of exercise and healthy eating.
- Limit consumption of salt that is contained in snacks.
- Manage stress. Stress makes your body produce chemicals that can make blood vessels narrow and the heart beat faster.
- Maintain body weight. Excessive body weight can be a risk trigger for high blood pressure. Exercising regularly and eating healthy foods are the two main ways to maintain weight stability.
- Quit smoking. Smoking damages the heart and blood pressure, and makes blood pressure rise.
- Low fat and salt diet. In addition to consuming lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, you are advised to avoid foods high in salt and fat.
- Drugs. Antihypertensive medications are commonly used to treat high blood pressure. The dosage and combination of these drugs is different for each person. Commonly used drugs are:
- Beta-blockers. That is a class of drugs that prevent the body from producing a stress hormone called adrenalin. In addition to making blood vessels narrow, adrenaline makes the heartbeat firmer. So, the impact of adrenaline is the increase in blood pressure.
- Diuretic. These medicines make the body reduce fluid levels in the body by removing excessive salt.
- Calcium channel blockers, alpha-blockers, and ACE inhibitors. This group of drugs serves to prevent narrowing of blood vessels.
Systolic blood pressure
The number above shows the blood pressure over the arteries from the heartbeat.
The problem is that often people only pay attention to systolic numbers rather than diastolic. Yet according to experts, your heart can actually tolerate higher systolic numbers than diastolic numbers.
Blood pressure can also go up and down with changes in activity and tends to change with your age. As you age, systolic blood pressure tends to rise, while diastolic blood pressure tends to fall.
Consult a doctor if your blood pressure tends to be above normal.
High blood pressure cannot be prevented
You have a chance of developing high blood pressure if a family member is detected first. But that does not mean this condition can not be prevented. There are several steps you can take to manage blood pressure, even if you have many risk factors:
- Healthy eating patterns. Always choose foods and drinks that are high in nutrients and low in sugar, fat, and salt.
You can also consult a doctor about these preventive measures as soon as someone in your family has been detected with high blood pressure.
Handling High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can be caused by many different things and requires different treatments. Consult your doctor to design a treatment that is suitable for you. It is true that often times it will take time to lower high blood pressure to normal levels. Generally high blood pressure is managed in the following main ways:
Treatment is no longer useful
High blood pressure can be managed with a program that is considered appropriate though. Steps so that high blood pressure is not a source of disease, that is taking drugs that are prescribed regularly. Do not forget, to check blood pressure regularly and consult a doctor. Know the side effects of the medicines you take to treat high blood pressure.