There are various causes of allergies, one of which is a dust allergy. Do you often sneeze with reddish nose and eyes, runny or runny nose, and itching? If so, you could be suffering from dust allergy.
Dust can be seen floating when exposed to sunlight. Dust can consist of dead skin, pet hair, mold spores, dead body parts of cockroaches, or even small animals called mites. Carcasses and mite droppings are what can cause an allergic reaction in a person.
When someone who has an allergy inhales air mixed with allergens (allergens), such as dust or mites, the immune system produces an immune reaction against objects or substances that are generally harmless. This excessive immune response causes sneezing and runny nose.
Symptoms of Dust Allergy
Symptoms of dust allergy can include sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, red and itchy eyes, coughing, facial pain, swollen and bluish skin under the eyes, also itching of the nose, palate, or throat.
Symptoms of dust allergy can be mild, can also be severe. Mild dust allergies can cause colds, runny eyes, and sneezing. Whereas in severe dust allergies, sufferers may experience persistent sneezing, coughing, nasal congestion, shortness of breath, or severe asthma attacks.
Minimizing Dust Allergy
Keeping away from dust is the main step to prevent the appearance of dust allergy symptoms. The reaction from this dust allergy can be prevented or at least minimized in various ways, such as:
- Routinely clean a variety of furniture in your home, especially places that are usually dust collectors and tend to be ignored, such as the top of the picture frame, the top of the head of the bed, or under the sofa.
- Clean the carpet and floor every day. For better results, use a vacuum cleaner. Do not forget to suck the dust under the bed because many mites gather in the area.
- Wash sheets, blankets, and curtains with water above 50 ° C to kill mites.
- Use furniture from wood, plastic, leather, or vinyl because it can be easily cleaned.
- Do not put too many objects such as dolls, toys, wall hangings, books, and artificial flowers in the house, so as not to become a gathering place for dust.
- Avoid using wool blankets.
- Use a protective mask when cleaning the house and furniture, so that dust is not inhaled.
To protect your child who is sensitive to dust or suffering from dust allergies, in addition to the things above, you can also store toys that have the potential to be a place for dust collection and get rid of them from the child’s bedroom. Don’t buy stuffed toys that are soft and furry. It is better to choose toys that are easily washed and try to store toys in a closed container.
Sometimes it is difficult to know whether you or your child has an allergy or a cold. This is because the symptoms of dust allergy, such as sneezing, are similar to the common cold signs. However, if the symptoms have lasted more than one week, the possible cause is allergies. To make sure allergy triggers, you can do an allergy test.
Call your doctor immediately if you or your child experience allergic symptoms, such as nasal congestion, difficulty sleeping, or wheezing breaths. Immediately go to the emergency department at the hospital if you experience wheezing or worsening shortness of breath, or if you have difficulty breathing.