Mastitis is inflammation of the breast tissue. Mastitis is a condition that often occurs in nursing mothers, and can interfere with the process of providing nutrition to the baby.
Mastitis usually attacks nursing mothers in the early trimester, but can also occur when the breastfeeding process has been going on for a long time. Mastitis can make it difficult for mothers to breastfeed because of breast pain.
What Are the Signs Like?
Mastitis during lactation usually only occurs in one breast. Symptoms of this disease itself can appear suddenly. The following symptoms of mastitis to watch out for:
- Reddish bruised breasts.
- Often itchy in the breast.
- The breast feels sore when breastfeeding.
- There are painful lumps in the breast.
- The size of one breast is bigger because of the swelling.
- Putting out pus.
- Often feel tired.
- There is enlarged lymph nodes in the armpits.
In addition, you may experience flu-like symptoms before you finally realize there are changes in your breasts.
What Causes Mastitis?
Infection in the breast or mastitis can be caused by several things. The following are the most common causes of mastitis:
Blocked milk flow channel
Bacteria that commonly cause mastitis are Staphylococcus and Streptococcus which infect breast tissue through wounds in the nipples or milk ducts. Usually these bacteria come from the baby’s mouth and breast skin surface.
Blockage in question is when the remaining milk settles in the milk ducts. Complications can be in the form of breast infections
In addition to the two causes above, the following factors can increase the risk of mastitis.
- Breast nipple sores.
- Breastfeeding with only one breast.
- Wear a bra that is too tight.
- Frequency of irregular breastfeeding.
- Have experienced mastitis in the past.
Steps to Treat Mastitis
Giving breast milk through mastitis affected breasts should still be done even though it feels painful. Stopping breastfeeding in mastitis affected breasts will only worsen the condition. In addition to continuing to breastfeed, here are some independent steps that can be applied if you have mastitis:
- Feed the baby as often as possible in a comfortable position and switch sides.
- If the baby is not breastfeeding in large quantities, pump your breast milk.
- Gently massage your breasts while breastfeeding to smooth milk.
- Avoid wearing bras that are too tight.
- Inadequate body fluid needs so that the body’s metabolism smoothly.
- Enough rest so that the body does not get tired easily.
- Compress the breast with a cloth that has been soaked in warm water, or take a shower with warm water, to help relieve pain. Warm water compresses also help to make breasts become softer to make milk flow better and make it easier for Little to suckle.
If the independent steps above are not able to reduce the symptoms of mastitis, medical treatment is needed. Doctors will most likely give antibiotics to kill the bacteria that cause mastitis. You will also be given pain medication, so that the breastfeeding process remains comfortable.
Although mastitis in nursing mothers often occurs, but you need to be aware of this disease, because it can cause severe complications. Preventing and immediately overcoming mastitis is also very important, so that the most intimate moments between mother and baby are not interrupted.