CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a technique of chest compression and artificial breathing for people whose heartbeat or breathing has stopped. CPR action which is also called pulmonary heart resuscitation (CPR) can also be done on people who are drowning or having a heart attack.
Cardiac arrest, apparently can affect the circulation of oxygenated blood to the brain and other important organs in the body. This can trigger brain damage that can cause a person to die within minutes. By administering CPR or CPR, oxygenated blood can again flow to the brain and throughout the body. This step is also usually needed to help people who are unconscious.
Tips Before Giving CPR
Before giving CPR, there are a few things you should pay attention to, including:
Check the security of nearby locations.
Before giving help, the first thing to do is to evaluate the security of the location and the environment around where the person to be helped is found. For example, if found in the middle of the road, before evaluating and helping, the person needs to be evacuated to a safer place.
Check the awareness of the person who will be helped.
To check someone’s consciousness, you can try to call his name in a voice that is loud enough, or shake his body. Do not move or shake the body hard, because you do not know whether any part of the bone is cracked, broken, or injured. You can also shout, “Are you OK?”. If he responds, you can leave it until help arrives, but still check his breathing, pulse, and response rates.
To determine whether he is breathing or not, you can find out by looking at whether his chest moves up and down, which indicates that he is breathing. Furthermore, you can also bring your ears close to his mouth and nose, to hear whether there is a sound of breathing or not, and feel the presence or absence of a breath on your cheek for 10 seconds.
Check the pulse.
To confirm his heart rate, you can check the pulse on his wrist, or check the pulse on the side of his neck.
Call for medical help.
If the person being helped does not show a response or is not aware, immediately contact medical personnel at number 118 or the nearest hospital, and do CPR until help arrives.
Laymen Can Give CPR
Not only doctors or trained personnel can use CPR techniques to save a person’s life. You as a layman can do it. Even so, the CPR technique that you can provide might be different than the technique of a doctor or trained staff. But the goal remains the same, which is to save someone’s life.
The technique for administering CPR generally consists of three steps, namely: