CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is a technique of chest compression and artificial breathing for people whose heartbeat or breathing has stopped. CPR action which is also called pulmonary heart resuscitation (CPR) can also be done on people who are drowning or having a heart attack.

Cardiac arrest, apparently can affect the circulation of oxygenated blood to the brain and other important organs in the body. This can trigger brain damage that can cause a person to die within minutes. By administering CPR or CPR, oxygenated blood can again flow to the brain and throughout the body. This step is also usually needed to help people who are unconscious.

Learn CPR to Save Someone's Life

Tips Before Giving CPR

Before giving CPR, there are a few things you should pay attention to, including:

    Check the security of nearby locations.

    Before giving help, the first thing to do is to evaluate the security of the location and the environment around where the person to be helped is found. For example, if found in the middle of the road, before evaluating and helping, the person needs to be evacuated to a safer place.

    Check the awareness of the person who will be helped.

    To check someone’s consciousness, you can try to call his name in a voice that is loud enough, or shake his body. Do not move or shake the body hard, because you do not know whether any part of the bone is cracked, broken, or injured. You can also shout, “Are you OK?”. If he responds, you can leave it until help arrives, but still check his breathing, pulse, and response rates.

    Respiratory evaluation.

    To determine whether he is breathing or not, you can find out by looking at whether his chest moves up and down, which indicates that he is breathing. Furthermore, you can also bring your ears close to his mouth and nose, to hear whether there is a sound of breathing or not, and feel the presence or absence of a breath on your cheek for 10 seconds.

    Check the pulse.

    To confirm his heart rate, you can check the pulse on his wrist, or check the pulse on the side of his neck.

    Call for medical help.

    If the person being helped does not show a response or is not aware, immediately contact medical personnel at number 118 or the nearest hospital, and do CPR until help arrives.

Laymen Can Give CPR

Not only doctors or trained personnel can use CPR techniques to save a person’s life. You as a layman can do it. Even so, the CPR technique that you can provide might be different than the technique of a doctor or trained staff. But the goal remains the same, which is to save someone’s life.

The technique for administering CPR generally consists of three steps, namely:

First step: Press or compress the chest

  • The way to do it is to lay down the body of the person who will be helped on a hard surface. Then you can kneel next to the person’s neck and shoulders. Place one palm of your hand on the middle of the chest, precisely between the nipples, and place your second palm on the first hand. Make sure your elbows are straight and your shoulders are directly above your hands.
  • After that, you can start pressing the chest as deep as about 5 cm 30 times or about 100 to 120 times per minute, with the speed of one to two pressures per second. When pressing, use the strength of your upper body, do not just rely on the strength of the arm, so that the pressure generated is stronger.
  • Then check whether there are signs of breathing or showing a response. If not, you can provide artificial breathing if you feel competent or you can continue the chest compression process until medical personnel arrive.
  • As a layman, you can only give CPR this way. But if you have been trained or have attended CPR training, you can continue the next step.

Second step: Open the respiratory tract

After pressing the chest has been done, the next step is to open the airway by tilting his head, then place your palms on his forehead. Then gently lift his chin to open the airway.

Third step: Give artificial breath from mouth to mouth

  • Giving artificial breath can be done from mouth to mouth, or from mouth to nose, especially if the mouth is seriously injured or cannot be opened.
  • After securing the respiratory tract of the person you are trying to help, you can provide artificial respiration, provided you are trained. The way to give it is to pin his nose, then place your mouth into his mouth. Give him breath or air from your mouth twice, while seeing if the chest is lifted like someone is breathing or not. If not, try to fix the position of his neck, or check again if there is a blockage in his airway.
  • After that, repeat the chest compression process 30 times followed by twice giving an artificial breath. This process is counted as one cycle.
  • You can continue CPR until there is body movement or until medical personnel arrive.
  • This technique can be applied to adults and teenagers who are unconscious. Provision of CPR for infants and children is different from those described above.

As a layman, you must be afraid of making a medical first aid on someone. However, you better try it than not doing anything at all when there is someone who needs help. Remember, your courageous step to give CPR can save someone’s life.

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