Skin allergies can develop in a matter of minutes or gradually after several hours have passed. Although most allergic reactions are mild, serious allergic reactions can also occur suddenly. The causes can vary, because it is to prevent skin allergies, it is important to recognize the triggers of allergies and avoid them.
In medical terms, skin allergies are called allergic contact dermatitis. Allergies can be triggered by several causes. The appearance of allergies is caused by exposure to allergens, which are foreign substances that are mistakenly considered dangerous by the immune system, so that if exposed can result in allergic reactions.
Someone who has sensitive skin is very easy to experience allergies. Some signs that can be recognized include redness, rash, itching and swelling.
Causes of Skin Allergies
There are several things that can generally cause and trigger allergic skin reactions, including:
- Cosmetic products, such as facial makeup, lotion, deodorant, soap, shampoo, and hair dye.
- Cleaning products, such as floor cleaners, washing soap, disinfectants and detergents.
- Medications applied to the skin, such as anti-itch creams or antibiotics.
- Accessories made of metal, for example nickel or gold.
- Plants, which can include leaves, stems, or pollen.
- Latex, which is a material used for rubber gloves, condoms and balloons.
- Insect spray.
You are also at greater risk of developing skin allergies if you have a skin condition called eczema (eczema), inflammation of the lower limbs due to impaired blood circulation, or itching in the intimate area.
Allergic reactions do not appear immediately when the body is first exposed to allergens. At first exposure, the immune system will only remember it and then make antibodies as a reaction. If the body is exposed to the next allergic triggering agent, then an allergic reaction will occur. The process of forming an immune reaction against allergens requires at least 10 days.
If you already have allergies, in just minutes, patients can immediately experience symptoms of skin allergies when in contact with allergens. However, new symptoms can also occur 1-2 days after exposure to allergens. In some cases, allergies can cause fatal reactions or anaphylaxis
Although it rarely happens, we still need to be aware of allergic reactions in the form of anaphylaxis. In addition to skin flushing, anaphylaxis can cause shortness of breath, stomach cramps, sudden weakness, swelling in the throat and mouth, and loss of consciousness. If not treated immediately, anaphylaxis can cause death.
How to Deal With Skin Allergies
If you have skin allergies, find out the cause and avoid contact with allergens as much as possible. In addition, there are some tips that can reduce the risk of skin allergies.
Use calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream
Use loose and soft clothes
Take a shower with cold water
Both types of this cream function to reduce itching. But the use of drugs such as hydrocortisone cream needs to follow the doctor’s recommendations.
Tight clothing can make skin rashes worse. Therefore, when the body experiences itching in skin allergies, wear comfortable and loose clothing.
This method is useful for reducing rashes on the skin or can also use cold water compresses. After that, dry the skin with a clean towel then use a moisturizer. Avoid bathing or soaking in hot water, because it can worsen the symptoms of skin allergies.
To find out someone has an allergy to certain objects or foods, allergy tests need to be done. This test is done by giving exposure to various substances in certain amounts to see the body’s reaction.
Skin allergy testing is usually done if the patient has a special medical condition, such as if there is eczema. Other conditions are if you feel itching or swelling and experience biduran or dermatitis that does not improve even after receiving treatment. In addition, allergy tests can also be done if we have a history of allergies to food, pollen, and drugs.
If you experience skin problems, it is advisable to check with a dermatologist. Avoid scratching the itchy rash because it can cause infections of the skin and hinder the healing process.