Allergy in infants is a health problem that is often complained of. Allergy is the body’s immune system reaction to foreign substances that are inhaled, injected, swallowed, or even touched.
Although commonly suffered by babies, but determining what causes allergies in babies is often not easy. Actually, what factors might cause allergies in infants and what kind of treatment?
Causes of Allergies in Infants
Genetic factors often play an important role in the occurrence of allergies in infants. If both parents have a history of allergies, then the baby can be at risk for allergies up to 70%. Other factors that often cause allergies in infants are food and the environment. Allergies due to the environment itself are less common than food allergies.
Some foods that most often cause allergies include nuts, milk, eggs, shellfish, and fish. Meanwhile, allergies caused by the environment, usually occurs when your little one turns 18 months old. At this age, children can show allergies to objects that are inside and outside the room, such as pollen, mites, animal hair, fungi, and cockroaches.
There are also several other causes of allergies in babies. For example, insect bites can cause skin to swell, itch, and red. Then there are certain medicines and chemicals, such as detergents, which can cause allergies in babies.
Allergy Symptoms in Infants
If you suffer from allergies due to one of the factors above, the baby will usually show the following symptoms:
- Swelling on the face, lips and tongue.
- Throws up.
- Itching or skin contains scars that resemble scars.
- Coughing or sneezing.
- Redness or rash.
- It’s hard to breathe.
- Lost consciousness or faint.
How to Overcome Allergies in Infants
The best way to deal with allergies is to find out the cause. By knowing the cause, we can prevent the baby from exposure to allergens (allergens), so that allergic reactions do not arise.
If foods that may be the cause, then postpone giving foods that have the potential to cause allergies to the baby, especially nuts. Doctor’s opinion should be used as a reference if you are doubtful about the provision of food that can cause allergies.
Meanwhile, to prevent babies from allergic dust and mites can be done by maintaining the cleanliness of the beds, rooms, and toys Little. Likewise, allergies caused by fungi and cockroaches. Also avoid smoking near babies.
Basically, allergies in infants do not just happen, but take time. The more often the baby is in contact with allergens or allergens, the faster he will cause an allergic reaction. This happens because the body has a tolerance threshold, the highest limit for the body to receive exposure. If excessive exposure is experienced, it will trigger a reaction from the body’s defense system and allergies occur.
So don’t be surprised if your baby is not initially allergic to cat pollen or fur, but some time later he will experience an allergic reaction after being exposed several times. There is a certain amount of time needed by the allergen to make the immune system react to it.
If there is an allergy in infants, then treating drugs commonly used are antihistamines and corticosteroids. Of course the use of these drugs must be under the supervision of a doctor or pediatrician.