Leucorrhoea during pregnancy is generally a normal condition. However, if vaginal discharge has changed color or accompanied by certain symptoms, then this condition can be a sign of infection.
Leucorrhoea during pregnancy is due to an increase in estrogen levels and blood flow to the vagina. This additional fluid that comes out of the cervix is actually waste products from the uterus and vagina, normal bacteria from the vagina and dead cells from the vaginal wall.
In early pregnancy, this fluid fills the cervical canal to create protective mucus that looks like egg white. Ahead of childbirth, this mucus will become more and more.
Normal vaginal discharge during pregnancy is characterized by a clear or white discharge and no odor. However, hormonal changes and body shape make pregnant women more likely to experience vaginal infections. Therefore, sometimes vaginal discharge can turn into a sign of infection, including:
Bacterial vaginosis occurs when hormonal changes result in excessive bacterial growth in the vagina. This condition can result in babies born prematurely or born underweight. Bacterial vaginosis is generally accompanied by symptoms:
- Itching around the vagina
- Leak gray discharge.
- Pain when urinating.
Sometimes this condition can subside by itself. But there are times when antibiotic treatment is needed. If left unchecked, this infection can spread and become a pelvic inflammatory disease.
Increased levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone will also increase the overgrowth of Candida, a fungus that grows naturally in the vagina. If this happens, you can experience a yeast infection. Symptoms of a yeast infection include:
- Yellowish white discharge, odorless or not.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- The vagina or labia is red and swollen.
- Pain and itching in the vagina.
- The vagina feels burning when urinating.
Handling is generally done with creams or antifungal drugs.
Streptococcus Group B (SGB)
SGB is found in one in four healthy women. But in some people, SGB can cause serious infections. The symptoms of this infection are the same as those of a urinary tract infection in general, such as cloudy urine, burning sensation during urination, and sudden feeling of urination.
So that this infection is not transmitted to the baby, the doctor will give antibiotics when the mother undergoes labor. Unfortunately, there are no steps that can be taken to prevent this condition.
The bacterium that causes trichomoniasis lives in the vagina and is transmitted through sexual contact. Symptoms include yellowish green foam and foul-smelling liquid, as well as itching and burning sensation during sexual intercourse. Generally doctors will prescribe antibiotics to treat this condition.
If you experience the conditions above, you should immediately consult a gynecologist and avoid using over-the-counter medicines. Also, be aware if your pregnancy has not reached 37 weeks, but there is a change in the shape and color of the liquid that comes out of the vagina, for example to become liquid, bleed, change color to brown or pink. This condition can be a symptom of premature birth.
Ways to Prevent Infection During Pregnancy
So that vaginal discharge during pregnancy does not turn into abnormal vaginal discharge due to infection, here are some things you can do:
- Immediately change swimsuits or workout clothes when you finish sports.
- Sleeping without underwear can reduce the risk of infection.
- Wear cotton underwear that can reduce humidity and prevent bacterial growth.
- Wash the genitals from front to back after urinating to prevent the spread of bacteria from the anus to the vagina.
- Consume enough water to remove toxins and bacteria from the body.
- Urinate regularly.
- Consumption of complex carbohydrates and whole grains to prevent the formation of an environment that supports bacteria to develop.
- Use a condom when having sex.
- Avoid using sanitary napkins, tissues, and strong-scented soaps to treat vaginal cleanliness.
- Avoid wearing tight pants, especially those made of nylon.
- Avoid using a vaginal spray or deodorizer because it actually risks closing the circulation system to the vagina, triggering serious complications.
If vaginal discharge during pregnancy is normal, which is white or clear and does not smell, then nothing can be done to prevent it. But to handle it, you can use a pantyliner, a base like a bandage that can absorb excess vaginal fluid for comfort. If complaints don’t get better and more