Some areas in Indonesia, allegedly experienced acid rain. Acid rain is a natural phenomenon that can damage the environment and certain materials, such as buildings and roads. Not only that, acid rain also has an impact on human health.
In plain view, acid rain looks the same as rain in general. The difference is the content contained in each drop of water.
The Process of Forming Acid Rain
Acid rain results from the release of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOX) compounds into the air around us. Both of these substances can accumulate in the air and react with water molecules in the air to produce rain with high acid levels. In other words, each raindrop contains acid.
Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are produced by human daily activities, such as smoke from motor vehicles, power plants, and the use of coal as electricity. In addition, volcanic eruptions also contribute to the presence of these two substances in the air.
Impact of Acid Rain on Health
Acid rain formed from air pollution due to the combustion process of oil from motor vehicles and industrial machinery can have an impact on health. Particles from acid rain, namely sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, negatively affect your health if exposed to excessive amounts or in the long term. The study found evidence of an association between increased exposure to this compound with heart disease and asthma.
While air pollution itself can also have negative effects on the body, including:
- Heart disease.
- Lung cancer.
- Acute and chronic respiratory tract diseases.
- Eye, nose and throat irritation.
Groups that are vulnerable to this air condition are children, elderly people, people who work outside the room, and sufferers of lung or heart problems.
Reducing the Risk of Acid Rain
Almost all activities in this modern era use electricity derived from burning fossil fuels, such as natural gas, coal and petroleum. When burned, these substances can turn into sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides.
The risk of acid rain can be reduced by changing your lifestyle in the use of electrical energy. Things you can do to save energy, for example:
- Use household appliances such as lamps, refrigerators, air conditioners and washing machines that are energy efficient.
- Turn off all types of household appliances that use electricity when not in use.
- Use public transportation when you want to travel. You can also cycle or walk if the location you want to go is close.
- If you want to have a private vehicle, choose a vehicle that is low in emissions and environmentally friendly. Take good care of your vehicle.
At this time, maybe you haven’t felt the negative effects of acid rain on health. Even so, it never hurts to make changes in order to maintain health and environmental sustainability. One small change from you, means a lot to our beloved earth.