It is important to understand and practice proper hand washing. Moreover, there are still many people in Indonesia who eat directly using their hands. These habits can be bad, especially if the hands have been contaminated with germs. This can make you stricken with various diseases.
Hands can store lots of germs like salmonella, E.coli and norovirus. These germs are obtained when you go to the toilet, change baby diapers, process raw meat, shake hands with other people or come in contact with sources of germs, such as garbage or feces.
How to Wash Hands Properly?
Hand washing should be done when preparing food and before eating. Likewise, hand washing should be done before taking medication, using contact lenses, after urinating or changing a baby’s diaper, after touching a pet, treating wounds and taking out the trash.
Like this the correct way to wash hands to minimize germs and or dirt that can cause disease:
- Wash hands with water, may use warm or cold water.
- Pour soap into the palm of the hand. No need to use special soap. Regular soap and antibacterial soap have the same benefits.
- Rub the palms together to foam. Make sure all parts of the hand are exposed to soap, including the back of the hand, wrist, between the fingers, and nails. Do it for at least 20 seconds.
- Rinse hands thoroughly from soap and dirt, then dry using a clean tissue or towel.
- Cover the faucet using toilet paper or a towel so that germs do not stick to your clean hands.
If it is difficult to find water and soap, you can clean your hands with hand washing liquid or hand sanitizer. Pour enough liquid into the palm of your hand. Rub on all parts of the hand until the liquid dries. Make sure the product used contains at least 60 percent alcohol content. However, you should wash your hands with soap and water if the condition of the hands is very dirty.
Avoid Mistakes When Washing Hands
Usually, without realizing it, you often make mistakes when washing your hands like:
Do not use soap
Rinse immediately with water
Dry your hands with a drying machine
After washing your hands, you usually dry using a hand dryer, right? Well, from now on avoid this habit because, a study shows that drying hands using tissue is better than using a dryer.
Touch the item again
Washing your hands with water alone is apparently not enough because water cannot remove germs and bacteria that stick to your hands. To get rid of germs and bacteria, you need to wash your hands with soap. It is recommended to use liquid soap instead of bar soap because bar soap is easier to contaminate.
Do not immediately rinse the hands that have been given soap. At least, allow about 20-30 seconds to rub the back of the hands, palms and between the fingers nails well.
This is often overlooked. After washing hands, most people often turn off the tap directly using clean hands without using obstructions such as tissue. In fact, this method can make your hands immediately re-contaminated with germs around you.
Disease Caused by Full Hand Germs
How to wash hands properly can clean hands from germs while preventing transmission of infections that cause disease. Here are some diseases including:
Influenza virus or flu infections can interfere with your respiratory tract. Viruses can enter the body when you eat using hands that are not washed clean.
This disease caused by Salmonella bacteria will affect your intestinal tract. Most people get salmonella infections from eating food served by people who don’t wash their hands, especially when they come in contact with feces. In addition to Salmonella bacteria, you can also be infected with other bacteria such as shigella or kampilobacter.
If you eat using hands that are contaminated with Salmonella typhi bacteria, you can get typhus. Signs you have typhus are headaches, high fever accompanied by abdominal pain, constipation or diarrhea.
This disease can cause inflammation and affect the way your liver works. Washing hands regularly, especially before eating, is one way to protect against hepatitis A. For food providers, washing hands before preparing and serving food can also reduce the risk of hepatitis A transmission.
How to wash hands properly should be applied in everyday life and become a habit from an early age, to maintain health and prevent disease.