Some pregnant women may experience swelling in certain body parts or edema. Swelling in the legs often makes pregnant women uncomfortable and difficult to move. How to overcome it?
Swollen feet during pregnancy is actually a natural and normal thing. Pregnant women generally experience swelling in the knee down. In addition, swelling can also occur on the face or hands.
This condition occurs because when pregnant a woman experiences changes in hormone levels. The release of hormones during pregnancy can trigger the body to retain more fluid and salt (sodium).
Various Ways to Overcome Swollen Feet During Pregnancy
In medical language swelling of the feet, ankles, hands and arms is called peripheral edema (peripheral edema). Edema is formed if there is damage or increased pressure on the capillaries. As a result, fluid seeps from the capillaries into the surrounding organ tissue, causing swelling in the area.
Here are some ways you can do to deal with swollen feet during pregnancy:
- When sitting or sleeping, prop your feet with a pillow, the goal is to improve blood circulation.
- Generally edema occurs in pregnant women who lack exercise. Therefore, pregnant women are advised to regularly exercise lightly, such as swimming or walking.
- Avoid sitting or standing for too long.
- It’s best to avoid hot temperatures, whether it’s taking a shower with warm water, or being exposed to bright sunlight. However, if you feel cold, you can use warm clothes.
- Avoid physical activity that is too heavy.
- Wear shoes that are comfortable when traveling.
- Reduce the use of salt in cooking. Eating salty foods can make edema worse.
In addition, although there is little research on the use of water pressure for swollen feet and ankles, standing or walking in a pool also seems to help overcome swollen feet during pregnancy.
Other Factors Cause Swollen Feet Besides Pregnancy
Swollen feet during pregnancy need to be alerted, especially if followed by symptoms such as difficulty breathing, severe headaches, vomiting, severe pain in the upper abdomen, and vision problems.
Swollen feet can also come from other factors. Are as follows:
- Varicose veins
- Blood clotting
- Kidney illness
- Chronic pulmonary diseases, such as chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Heart failure
- Liver disease
- Arthritis or arthritis
- Thyroid disease
- Cyst or tumor
During pregnancy, it is important to carry out routine pregnancy checks to the obstetrician to monitor the health of the mother and fetus. Routine examination is also useful for detecting early on whether swollen feet during pregnancy are a normal condition or caused by other serious conditions, so they can get proper treatment.