It is stressful if the face is overgrown by cystic acne. Its large size, reddish color and filled with pus certainly disturb our appearance. Not to mention the effects that might cause pain and itching in areas covered with acne.
But you don’t need to worry because there is a way to get this ‘uninvited guest’ out of your face. Acne can arise when your facial pores are clogged by dead skin cells. Sometimes, bacteria get trapped inside and make the area become red and swollen. Meanwhile, cystic acne occurs when this infection has gone deep into your facial skin and forms a bump filled with pus. Not only on the face, acne pimples can also appear on the chest, shoulders, back, or upper arms.
Causes of Acne Stone
Actually there is no sure cause why you have cystic acne, but the hormone androgen can be designated as a trigger. Increased androgen hormones can cause changes in the skin which can result in clogged pores and acne. Among those who usually have high androgen hormones are teenagers and women who are experiencing menstrual cycles, menopause, pregnancy, or who suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome.
However, that does not mean that teenagers can develop acne pimples. Even 8-year-old children or middle-aged parents can have it.
This condition also includes the ‘inheritance’ that your parents have given you. If one of your parents has suffered from severe cystic acne, then you can also experience it.
Treatment for Acne Stone
Acne stones can not be completely cured only by using over-the-counter acne medications. If you have cystic acne, then you should get help from experts, namely dermatologists or dermatologists. The following are medicines that can get rid of cystic acne from your face and are useful for avoiding the appearance of acne scarring on the skin:
Salicylic acid and azelaic acid
Topical medication containing retinoids
Besides being able to help control bacteria, antibiotics can also ease inflammation in your cystic acne. But sometimes, there are acne that is resistant to antibiotics. Antibiotics are generally given in tablet form, with types and dosages based on age, type of acne, and acne conditions. Giving antibiotics can be combined also with other drugs, such as topical drugs that contain benzoyl peroxide
Salicylic acid and azelaic acid have antibacterial properties that will prevent blockages in hair follicles that can trigger acne.
This drug is given for cases of inflamed acne, usually in adult women.
Most people get rid of cystic acne on their skin permanently and completely with this drug. Isotretinoin functions to suppress the production of oil glands in the skin and reduce inflammation. However, these drugs are also at risk of causing some serious side effects. For this reason, consult your dermatologist beforehand for its use.
Some types of contraceptive pills can also be used as acne therapy in women. However, this use should still be accompanied by other acne medicines through a doctor’s consultation.
Spironolactone works by inhibiting the production of androgen hormones in the oil glands in your skin. This drug is usually given to adolescent girls if oral antibiotics do not bring results.
The doctor will usually give medicines types of creams, gels, or ointments that contain retinoids (vitamin A) to treat acne. This topical medication can overcome the clogged pores while supporting antibiotic drugs to be able to work optimally.
In addition to medication, there are also several types of therapy that are recommended for stone acne owners, such as:
- Removing black and white blackheads with special tools. However, this therapy has the risk of scarring forming on the skin.
- Exfoliation (peeling) with chemicals, such as salicylic acid. Generally this therapy is carried out up to several times in order to get the desired results.
- Corticosteroid injections directly into acne to reduce inflammation and reduce pain.
- Laser and photodynamic therapy. Laser beam therapy that is done to deal with cystic acne starts showing good results. However, further research is still needed to ensure the dose, method, and type of laser beam that is safe for the patient’s skin and body.
Eliminate and Prevent Acne Stone with this Lifestyle
Taking medication for acne is not enough to get rid of pimple and prevent it from coming back. Consumption of these drugs should be followed by changes in healthy and hygienic lifestyles, for example by taking the following steps:
- Take time to relax and calm the mind, because stress can trigger the production of hormones that can aggravate stone acne.
- Enough sleep.
- Exercising can also help. But don’t forget, clean the skin after exercising.
- Keep your hands clean because these body parts often touch your face. Dirty hands full of germs can aggravate stone acne.
- Reduce bad habits squeeze pimples.
- Wash your face twice a day. Use mild soap and wipe the face slowly, then rinse with warm water. Not only that, diligent bathing, especially after a day of activities will also maintain the cleanliness of the skin from oil and sweat that can trigger acne.
- Use sunscreen to protect facial skin from the sun which can aggravate acne prone skin.
- Choose products for acne prone skin containing benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid or alpha hydroxyl acid which can reduce excess oil on the surface of the skin.
- Avoid applying the face with facial scrubs, masks, astringents, or products that contain oil. These products can worsen your acne.
- When you have zits, you will want to touch or squeeze them. This habit can actually cause infection or injury, especially if the condition of your hands dirty.
- Pay attention to anything that is often in contact with your face, such as hair, cellphone, veil, helmet, hat, or towel. Ensure cleanliness of these objects.
If you have cystic acne, don’t leave it alone. Check with your doctor so that you immediately get the right medical treatment. Avoid handling it yourself at home.