Calluses arise due to irritation or pressure that occurs intensely in certain areas of the skin for a long time. Although impressed by disturbing appearance, calluses do not include serious problems for your health. But if it causes other complaints such as pain, calluses should be treated immediately.
Before you intend to remove calluses, it helps you to know in advance what exactly this skin disorder. Calluses are present due to excessive friction or pressure on the skin. Actually, this is a way to protect the skin so that there are no sores and blisters when there is excessive friction.
Calluses can also be caused by several other conditions, such as dry skin and reduced layers of fat on the skin, especially in the elderly. Routine habits related to repetitive activities, for example working with a hammer or sports with a racket, can also cause calluses.
Calluses are of two types, those that have smaller shapes and usually grow on the top or sides of the fingers or toes, and another that appears on the soles of the feet or hands.
What are the symptoms like?
There are several conditions that will be felt on the skin if you have calluses.
Thickened and rough skin
The skin hardens and grows lumps
Arise pain in the area under the skin
Fluid appears and feels painful
If the skin is callused, the area will experience significant skin thickening. Thickening of the surface of the skin generally feels hard and occurs on the soles of the feet, palms, and knees. When walking, it can be accompanied by pain. Aside from thickened, the area affected by calluses will feel more rough than the surrounding skin.
The skin is basically elastic, but this is not the case when exposed to calluses. The affected area will turn hard and form bumps.
Under certain conditions, under the calloused skin will feel pain, especially when on the move. For example callus feet will feel pain when walking.
Calluses that have long been able to peel off one day, but usually will grow again as before.
An infected callus will usually feel pain. In addition, it can also appear clear liquid or pus, and can spread to the surrounding area, for example up to the back of the foot. Try not to solve it because it can cause more severe infections. If there are complaints, see your doctor immediately to get the right treatment.
How to Get Rid of Calluses
After conducting an examination and confirm the diagnosis of calluses, your doctor will then recommend several types of treatment and treatment that suits your condition. Some ways to get rid of calluses, including:
Removes hardened and thickened skin
Use foot care products to treat calluses
This method is done to reduce pressure or friction in the tissue under the skin affected by calluses. You are not advised to remove or cut the skin yourself because it risks adding pain and making it infected. However, a way to get rid of mild calluses that you can still do is scrape the thickened skin slowly using pumice, of course also after consulting a doctor.
Treatment products such as moisturizing creams and products containing salicylic acid will help the thickened skin become softer, dead skin is easily lifted, and smooth the pressure that is in calluses. Although some of these products are sold freely, it’s better to consult with your doctor before using them, especially if you have diabetes, have sensitive skin, or have damage to the area of the skin around calluses.
How to prevent it?
Actually, this skin disorder can be prevented in a relatively easy way. Protecting the palms and soles of the feet is the easiest way to avoid calluses. As we know, both are parts of the body that most often experience the disorder.
Always use hand and foot protectors that are appropriate size. Too small in size can cause friction which speeds up the growth of calluses.
If you can, avoid wearing high heels or high heels. Even though it looks elegant, this type of shoe will focus the weight on the front legs. The higher the load is received, the more likely the calluses are. Choose shoes that are comfortable in a size that fits your needs.
In addition to comfortable shoes, avoid wearing moist socks because they can become a den of bacteria. Likewise with the gloves used, always try to be hygienic so that it minimizes the chance of becoming a den of germs.
If you always use tools at work, make sure they can be held comfortably. The more comfortable your tools are, the less friction that occurs.
When to see a doctor?
Generally calluses can disappear by themselves as more and less activity and friction in the affected area. This disorder itself should not be ignored unless it gets worse or persists even though you have made various efforts in care and prevention.
Although in most people calluses can disappear without the help of a doctor, not so in diabetics. Leaving calluses can result in open and infected wounds, which can lead to gangrene. This is the reason calluses should not be underestimated.
To get rid of calluses, it is very important to avoid the causes. Without eliminating the cause, this skin disorder is impossible to overcome. Even doctors can’t do much if you keep doing what causes calluses to form.