Pregnancy checkup is a mandatory agenda that must be carried out by a pregnant woman. With routine checks, your doctor can monitor the health condition of you and your baby in the womb.
Pregnancy checks consist of prenatal (pre-natal) and postpartum (postpartum) health care. The purpose of antenatal care is to ensure a healthy pregnancy and safe delivery, for both mother and baby.
Pregnancy Checkout Schedule
Ideally, pregnant women should visit a doctor to have a pregnancy check up at least 8 times. You need to take the time once a month to see a doctor during the first six months of pregnancy. When entering the age of 7-8 months of pregnancy, do the inspection every two weeks. The intensity of the visit is increased to once per week, when the pregnancy reaches the age of nine months.
But there is also the possibility that you are required to control your doctor more often, i.e. if you:
- Pregnant over 35 years.
- Risk of giving birth prematurely.
- Having pregnancy complications.
- Have a history of illness, such as asthma, lupus, anemia, diabetes, high blood pressure, or obesity.
Through a pregnancy check, the doctor can monitor the condition of you and the fetus in the womb, such as identifying if there are complications of pregnancy and immediately overcome them before the situation worsens, as well as preventing the risk of growth disorders in the womb.
At the time of pregnancy examination, the doctor will remind you to stop smoking and stop consuming alcoholic beverages, and stay away from toxic substances that can harm the womb. In addition, doctors will also provide folic acid supplements for pregnant women during the first trimester of pregnancy.
What are Done during Pregnancy Checkup?
When you first do a pregnancy check-up, your doctor will ask about your overall health. Including the menstrual cycle, illnesses that you and your family have experienced, lifestyle, and medications that you consume. If this is not your first pregnancy, your doctor may ask about your previous pregnancy experience.
In addition, you may undergo various examinations, such as:
Fetal screening test
This examination consists of checking your weight and height, blood pressure, condition of your breasts, heart, and lungs. Chances are the doctor will check the vagina, uterus and cervix to find out if there is a possibility of interference with your pregnancy.
This test is used to determine if there is a urinary tract infection or kidney. Urine tests can also be done to detect whether there is protein or sugar in the urine.
Blood tests are useful to find out your blood type (including your rhesus status), measure hemoglobin levels, find out if you have certain infectious conditions, such as smallpox, rubella, hepatitis B, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, or HIV / AIDS.
This test can give an idea of the health condition of the fetus. The test that can be done is an ultrasound or blood test. If needed, your doctor may recommend genetic testing on the fetus.
The estimated time the baby is born is also usually discussed at the first visit. On this occasion, you can ask questions about various things about pregnancy. Starting from what kind of intake should be consumed and avoided by pregnant women, drugs or vitamins that pregnant women should be taken, safe exercise for pregnant women, to have sex during pregnancy.
On your next visit, you may not need to go through all the things done at the first pregnancy check up. Your doctor may do basic tests, such as measuring body weight, blood pressure, monitoring fetal development, and the symptoms that you experience during pregnancy.
At the age of nine months, a pregnancy check-up will include basic checking plus checking the vagina, cervix and the baby’s position.
Pregnancy is a vulnerable period. It is important to take the extra time to pay attention to the condition of you and your baby in the womb. Perform routine pregnancy checks to avoid things that are not desirable. Similarly, if you feel abnormal symptoms, visit a doctor immediately.