Without being felt, your heart beats every time. But there are times when you feel your heart pounding. Be careful, this situation which is generally classified as normal can sometimes also be a symptom of a serious illness.
Palpitations are a sensation when your heart beats fast. Indeed, in certain conditions, palpitations can be a sign of heart disease. But in general, palpitations are not dangerous and only occur occasionally for a reason.
Heart palpitations can be caused by many things, ranging from simple and often unconscious causes to dangerous causes. Here are the things that can cause palpitations.
- Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
- Low blood sugar levels
- Low blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension)
- Disorders of the heart, such as disorders of the heart rhythm or arrhythmia, and abnormalities of the heart valves
- Electrolyte disturbances
When you are feeling anxious, very excited, exercising intensively, or in a rush situation, the hormone adrenaline will be released from the body and make your heart flutter. A preference for spicy and spicy foods, smoking, consuming liquor or caffeinated beverages can also cause palpitations.
The following body conditions can trigger heart palpitations:
Panic attacks make you feel your heart pounding accompanied by feelings of extreme anxiety, stress, fear, nausea, and trembling. Sometimes also accompanied by cold sweat.
Hormonal changes in women
Changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, menstruation, and menopause can also cause heart palpitations. This condition is generally harmless and only temporary.
Consumption of medicines
Sometimes taking certain medications, such as high blood pressure medications and certain types of antibiotics, can cause heart palpitations. Medications that can cause heart palpitations include bronchodilators for asthma, antihistamines, medications to treat thyroid disorders, and cough medicines that contain pseudoephedrine stimulants.
Palpitations that are not caused by heart disease have a small risk of complications. But if this condition is caused by a disruption in the heart organ, then palpitations can cause complications such as sudden fainting, stroke, heart failure, and even cardiac arrest.
In general, palpitations do not require special treatment if only occur occasionally and are temporary without other complaints. But you need to be careful if this condition often occurs without clear triggers or if you have a history of heart disease. Immediately consult a doctor if your heart is beating accompanied by dizziness, chest pain, severe shortness of breath, or fainting.
If the heart palpitations are caused by certain diseases, the doctor will give medicines to overcome the causes of the disease. However, there are no specific medicines to treat palpitations that are not caused by disease. What you can do is avoid the things that trigger these conditions.
Here are some simple ways you can reduce heart palpitations:
- Avoiding trigger factors, such as nicotine in cigarettes, caffeinated drinks, energy drinks, or drugs that can trigger symptoms. Discuss with your doctor if the medications you are taking cause palpitations.
- Relieve anxiety and stress with relaxation methods such as yoga, meditation, breathing, or aromatherapy.
- Avoid drug consumption, such as cocaine, which can trigger heart palpitations.
A way that can last in the long run to avoid palpitations is to adopt a healthy lifestyle and avoid excessive stress as much as possible.
Go to a doctor if your heart beat is outside the normal range, there are no obvious causes, or if you have risk factors for heart disease, such as obesity or smoking.