Folic acid is a form of vitamin B complex that is water soluble. This substance is needed in the development of the body because it is multifunctional, starting from helping the process of DNA production to the formation of red blood cells.
The existence of this nutrient has long been known to be important as a health preserver for all ages, especially for pregnant women because of its many benefits for babies in the womb.
What are the functions of folic acid
Some benefits for the body if folic acid is sufficient include:
The process of forming the body’s cells goes well
Prevents birth defects
Folic acid collaborates with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to help the body break down, use, and form new proteins. This protein compound will help the formation of red blood cells and produce DNA, building the basic foundation of the body that carries a person’s genetic information.
One function of folic acid is to form red blood cells. Without enough folic acid, the production of red blood cells will always be below normal so you easily suffer from anemia.
Central nervous formation has occurred since the beginning of the fetus growing in the womb. Folic acid plays an important role in preventing disability in the brain and nerves, such as anencephaly or spina bifida. These nutrients also play an important role in the formation, repair, and function of DNA, which will affect placental growth and fetal development.
So pregnant women need more folic acid intake to avoid babies born in a state of disability.
Foods Rich in Folic Acid
Very important benefits of folic acid for our bodies, right? Luckily, foods that contain folic acid are available in abundant quantities. Some foods rich in folic acid that are easily found around us include:
- Vegetables are green, like spinach, broccoli, and lettuce.
- Beans, like peas.
- Fruits, such as melons, bananas, and lemons.
- Folate-fortified foods, such as bread, cereals, and juices.
How is Folic Acid Sufficient?
The need for folic acid itself varies for each individual. Some things that affect the body’s need for folic acid include age and sex. Certain conditions, such as pregnancy, can also affect the level of folic acid requirements for the body.
Generally the recommended consumption of folic acid for men and women is 400 micrograms / day for ages over 13 years. Meanwhile, pregnant women are advised to meet 500 micrograms / day of all ages. Folic acid or folate as a vitamin for infants is needed in doses of 85-90 micrograms per day.
If folic acid needs cannot be met from food, you can take folic acid supplements. Consumption of folic acid supplements should be based on doctor’s recommendations. This is to ensure the dosage of B vitamins obtained in accordance with the needs and conditions of your body.