Now using antibiotics without a doctor’s prescription as part of self-medication is increasingly being done. Though antibiotics are a type of prescription drug class and should not be bought freely.
Antibiotics should not be used as a treatment on personal initiative because they can adversely affect health in the future. There are many factors to consider in determining the type of treatment for the infection you are experiencing. Therefore, the safe use of antibiotics always requires instructions from doctors who have been medically trained for years.
Is Antibiotics the Right Treatment?
Before prescribing antibiotics to a patient, it is necessary to ensure in advance that the infection is caused by bacteria or parasites that can indeed be destroyed by antibiotics. If the infection is caused by a virus, then taking antibiotics is not only the wrong and ineffective step but can harm our body.
One of the reasons why antibiotics are included in the class of prescription drugs and not over-the-counter medicines is because it is only through the results of a doctor’s examination that can distinguish bacterial infections from other infections that cannot be treated by antibiotics.
The following are examples of bacterial infections that are suitable for treatment with antibiotics:
- Pneumonia, or bacterial pneumonia
- Urinary tract infection
- Most wounds and skin infections such as staphylococcus infections
- Sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia
- Meningitis, namely inflammation of the lining of the brain
The following are examples of infections caused by viruses that cannot be treated by antibiotics:
- Most types of cough
- Most sore / strep throat
- Most ear infections
- Stomach flu or viral gastroenteritis.
Selection of Antibiotic Types
The choice of antibiotic depends on what infection a person has experienced and what bacteria or parasite the doctor considers to be the cause of the infection. Because each antibiotic is only effective against certain bacteria or parasites. For example, when you get pneumonia or pneumonia, your doctor or medical expert can tell you the type of bacteria that usually causes the condition.
In addition to determining which antibiotics are suitable, doctors also know for sure about the appropriate dosage and frequency, according to the patient’s health condition. Because the administration of antibiotics needs to be considered several factors, it is not recommended to use antibiotics on their own initiative. Without complete medical knowledge, the risk of mistaken use of antibiotics is very high.
Taking antibiotics incorrectly in terms of type, dosage and frequency, can cause bacteria to become resistant. Resistant means that the bacteria adapt and turn into resistance to antibiotics that were once able to destroy them. This often occurs due to antibiotic abuse. There is an assumption that natural antibiotics have the same effectiveness and safety as antibiotics. However, this should be consulted first to the doctor.
A body infected with bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics is more difficult to recover and treat. The infection is more easily developed and causes various complications.
Interaction with other drugs
Every drug including antibiotics has the potential to interfere with the performance of other drugs. One reason why the use of antibiotics should be based on doctor’s instructions is so that we remain safe when taking antibiotics with other drugs.
Certain types of antibiotics can interfere with the performance of birth control pills or birth control pills. If you experience diarrhea or vomiting when taking antibiotics, then chances are other drugs such as birth control pills are not absorbed properly. Use additional contraception. Always ask your doctor before taking other medicines or herbal medicines together with antibiotics.
Each antibiotic has its own side effects, ranging from mild to very serious. With advice and instructions from your doctor, you can use antibiotics safely and with minimal risk of side effects. The following are some of the side effects that generally occur after taking antibiotics:
- Fungal infections around the mouth, digestive tract or vagina.
- Throw up.
In addition, there are less common side effects of antibiotics:
- Photosensitive or the surface of the skin becomes sensitive to sunlight.
- Hearing disorders.
- Formation of kidney stones.
- Blood disorders, including blood clotting disorders.
Beware of Allergic Reactions
With instructions from the doctor, we can also avoid the types of antibiotics that may not be tolerated by our body. Generally, when someone has an allergy to one class of antibiotics, he can be allergic to all types of antibiotics included in that group. Only medical professionals know which type of antibiotic belongs to which group.
Doctor’s guidance in determining the type of antibiotic will play a very important role for those who have allergies. An allergic reaction to antibiotics can be a rash, swelling of the face and tongue, to breathing difficulties which are commonly called anaphylactic reactions.
Anaphylactic conditions should not be underestimated because they can be fatal. For this reason, it is important to tell your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist if you have an allergic reaction to certain antibiotics.
The thing to remember, taking antibiotics must always be through consultation and doctor’s prescription. Inappropriate use of antibiotics will only result in losses such as side effects, wasted expenses and resistance that can cause severe infections later on.