The danger of smoking during pregnancy that is the fetus has the risk of exposure to thousands of toxic chemicals, thus triggering various complications. Starting from premature birth, low birth weight babies to other health problems.
You need to know, carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke can inhibit the flow of oxygen and nutrient intake to the baby in the womb. Oxygen limitations and nicotine exposure can also slow baby’s breathing. In addition, it can make a baby’s heart beat faster. These things can make the baby experience stress in the contents.
Health Problems that May Occur in Mothers and Babies
If you are pregnant and have a smoking habit, babies in the womb are likely to experience risks:
- Premature birth.
- Babies are born under normal weight, which makes them more susceptible to infection.
- Increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
- Colic or experience pain that can cry more than three hours a day.
- Has asthma and is prone to suffer from infections and inflammation of the respiratory tract.
- Congenital defects in the skull, heart, muscles, limbs and other body parts.
- Behavioral, emotional and learning disabilities.
Smoking while pregnant is not only bad for your child, but also for pregnant women. You run the risk of experiencing the following:
- Disorders of the placenta, namely the possibility of placental abruption that occurs when the placenta separates from the wall in the uterus before the birth of the baby. Placenta previa can also occur, which is when all or part of the placenta closes the cervix.
- Break premature membranes.
In addition to being an active smoker, the risk also exists in pregnant women and infants who are exposed to secondhand smoke exposure. Especially when a family member smokes and lives in one house.
Choice of Ways and Tips to Stop Smoking
The best way you can do to avoid the dangers of smoking while pregnant is to stop smoking. You can use therapy to stop the smoking habit called Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT). The therapy is carried out with several choices, namely:
- Nicotine gum, chewed slowly for 30 minutes regularly.
- Lozenges. This tablet is sucked between the gums and on the inside of the cheek for 30 minutes.
- Sublingual tablets, tablets placed under the tongue and allowed to dissolve.
- Inhalers, inhaled regularly.
- Transdermal, affixed to the surface of dry and hairless skin on the upper body.
- Nasal spray.
- Oral spray.
However, before using these products you are advised to consult your obstetrician first. Always pay attention to the dose of nicotine absorbed by the body regardless of the method of therapy.
If the habit of quitting smoking suddenly is rather difficult, do it gradually and be supported by several habits such as:
- Avoid situations that can make you want to smoke, such as stress or gathering with fellow smokers.
- Make a list of reasons why you should stop smoking. Of course one of them is to take care of your health and the fetus.
- Keep away from cigarette smoke wherever you are.
- If you have to travel, make it a habit to choose places that do not allow people to smoke.
- Avoid hanging out with people who smoke.
- Divert the desire to smoke by doing other activities, such as chewing gum or eating food.
During the adaptation period, it is not uncommon for pregnant women who have stopped smoking to return to smoking after giving birth. Consult a doctor about this. Remember not to sacrifice the health of yourself and your baby with smoking.