Various health problems generally suffer by the elderly (elderly). They need the contents of the house as conditioned as possible to create a safe home for the elderly.
As we age, decreased bodily functions will occur in various organs, ranging from the senses of sight and hearing, bone density, to cognitive function. A safe home for the elderly is needed to minimize the risk of injury and disease.
Efforts to Prevent Falling
Osteoporosis or a condition of decreased bone density is common in the elderly. This condition requires the elderly to be more careful when moving limbs so as not to cause bone cracks, injuries or falls.
By making a number of changes, the condition of safe homes for the elderly can be applied.
Slippery floors and bathtubs make the bathroom an area where the elderly fall most often. The following things can be done to reduce the risk:
- Mount the handle on the bathroom wall, especially on the side of the shower, toilet, and bathtub for bathing. The handle can make it easier for the elderly to get in and out of the bathtub, and reduce the risk of slipping.
- The seat under the shower makes the elderly who can not stand long can take a bath while sitting. Make sure the foot of the seat does not easily shift on the slippery floor.
- Place the non-slip rubber footwear on the floor before entering the bathroom.
Family room and bedroom
The family room and bedroom are areas where there are many objects that can cause the elderly to fall. Rearrange this room with the safe house guide for the elderly, as follows:
- Trim and close the cables that stretch into one, stick to the wall. Better yet, use as little as possible a wired electrical device such as switching from a landline to a mobile or cordless landline (wireless).
- Minimize stacks of newspapers, books, boxes, clothes, especially those that collapse easily, or scatter so that there is more area to move.
- Change the color of certain tiles with different colors that are striking to mark the last or first rung and move from one door to another.
- Reduce the use of carpets because it can make slip.
- Place objects that are often needed reachable by hands, so no need to make the elderly bend, squat, or climb a chair or ladder to pick it up.
- Rearrange furniture to move against the wall, reducing the risk of a table or chair stumbling.
- Place extra pillows on the chairs and sofa to make it easier for the elderly to sit and stand.
- Replace the lamp with a brighter so that the elderly get the appropriate lighting and not easily hit the bedroom utensil.
- In addition to good lighting, you should place handles on both sides of the stairs. Also clean stairs from items that can increase the risk of falling.
- Leave the lights in some rooms lit at night like bathroom lights.
- Aside from being in the house, the elderly need a yard and garden around a safe house. Make sure the paths around the house are not slippery and there is a comfortable place to go
By re-conditioning the contents of the house, the elderly can avoid falling and are more comfortable doing activities in a safe home for the elderly.
Get around senile and decreased vision
Frequent forgetfulness or senility is generally one of the early symptoms of dementia. Dementia is a syndrome of decreased brain function that is not uncommon for the elderly. In addition to senile, increasingly inaccurate vision also makes the elderly need special attention.
There are certain ways that can be applied in safe homes for the elderly so that they can live comfortably.
- Condition the television can turn off automatically at certain hours so that older people with dementia will not be disturbed by noise while sleeping.
- Contrasting the color of the walls with the colors of the floors, doors, and furniture can help the elderly with dementia and visual impairment to clarify the perspective of their views of the surrounding space.
- Labeling placed on doors and storage areas such as cabinets and drawers can help the elderly to find the room or item they are looking for quickly. For example, a picture of a toilet on a bathroom door, a picture of a cup on a kitchen cupboard, or the words “scissors” on a desk drawer. If possible, cabinets with transparent glass can also make it easier to find items.
- In addition to adequate lighting, increasingly obscure visions can be circumvented by placing furniture such as digital clocks with large numbers or phones with large numeric keys.
By recognizing the specific needs of each elderly person, you can help them create a safe home for the elderly so that they can live healthier and minimize the risk of injury.