Most children feel scared and confused when they first experience menstruation. In fact, the fear that arises can be prevented if parents have explained to children related to puberty and menstruation since childhood.

Especially before puberty at the age of 9-10 years, usually children often ask about the human body. Discussion about menstruation can begin with these questions. You can start talking to your daughter with a sentence like, “Later when you grow up you will be like Mama. There will be certain changes in your body “. So that when the child experiences her first menstruation, which is around the age of 12, it is no longer surprising.

Confused Discussion about Menstruation with Children

Tips on Giving Explanations to Children

Your child is still in grade 1 elementary school suddenly found a pad in your closet, then ask what it is. Another time, your son asks, why is there a bloodstain on his brother’s teenage skirt. Instead of confusion and loss of words, you better start discussing about the natural process of this woman from an early age to them.

The following are guidelines that can be used to start a conversation:

  • Talk as early as possible at different times

  • Education about the human body, especially the reproductive organs, actually does not need to be discussed at one time at a time because it can actually make children overwhelmed and become uncomfortable. You can break up the discussion into several different talks at leisure times, whenever there is an opportunity. So you can provide sexual education to children from an early age.

  • Talk in a positive tone

  • If you have trouble answering, avoid lying to children. Do not also mention that menstruation is a curse or a disease. Incorrect answers will only make children become afraid when menstruation arrives. Parents need to equip themselves with knowledge about how the reproductive organs work in order to explain to children, that menstruation is a natural process that occurs in women. Also tell every child has a different body change. Some are faster, some are slower.

  • Adjust to age

  • Adjust the discussion and explanation with the child’s age and knowledge. For example, when children enter the age of 7-8 years find pads in the closet, explain that you use these pads when you are menstruating. At this age, you may need to limit the answers and explanations given to the child if the child does not ask too deeply. However, as you get older, you can explain it specifically about the menstrual period and others.

  • It’s okay to answer “don’t know”

  • Children sometimes ask questions that make parents confused in answering them. If it is really not ready with the right answer, ask your child for time to look for information related to the questions asked and will give the answer to him another time. Composing or frightening to simply make them stop asking questions will only make the child distrust you and seek information from other sources that are not necessarily accurate.

  • Avoid just giving him a video or book about menstruation

  • There are many books or videos that explain the menstrual process or the way the reproductive organs work. However, children can have many questions that will not get answers just watching and reading. It is important to accompany the child while watching or reading the video so that you can discuss what you have watched and read together.

  • Also talk to boys

  • Not only girls, boys also need to be invited to discuss menstruation. You can talk to them in a similar way to girls. This knowledge is needed so that they understand what their friend, sister and mother are experiencing every month.

Questions About Menstruation

Children’s questions about menstruation often find it difficult to answer so you feel you need an answer guide. Following are some commonly asked questions, along with sample guide answers:

  • What is menstruation?

  • “An unfertilized egg (not pregnant) will be removed by the body along with the decaying uterine wall, flowing out of the body mixed with blood. The process of bleeding is called menstruation. ”

  • What is the sign that I will experience my first menstruation?

  • “Generally menstruation occurs 2 years after the breasts start to grow and a year after the white fluid appears from the vagina. Another sign is the growth of hair on the armpits and around the genitals. ”

  • Why do only women experience menstruation?

  • “The bodies of women and men grow differently. Menstruation occurs because of changes in the uterus that allows women to have babies. A man’s body also changes, like a teenage boy who has a mustache and his voice becomes heavy but men don’t have a uterus. ”

  • What is PMS?

  • “Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a physical and emotional change that occurs before women experience menstruation caused by hormonal changes. But not every time and not all women experience this. ”

  • How much blood usually comes out during menstruation?

  • “It will taste a lot, but actually only 3-5 tablespoons last for 3-5 days.”

  • Did my periods start normally?

  • “Generally, adolescent girls experience their first menstruation at the age of 12 years. But this situation can occur faster or slower for each child, and that is normal. ”

  • Do I have to stop doing activities?

  • “Except for experiencing unbearable menstrual pain, all women remain free to move as usual. The important thing is you need to use sanitary pads and comfortable clothes. ”

Teach your daughter who has entered puberty to prepare for menstruation, by carrying a bandage in a bag. As for boys, you can provide information about menstruation so that he can respect his siblings or girlfriends who do not participate in certain activities because they are menstruating.

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