Itchy eyes are the most common symptom of eye allergies. Itchy eyes can be caused by exposure to small objects such as dust, dirt, mites, and animal hair that can trigger allergic reactions. In medicine, this condition is referred to as ocular allergy or allergic conjunctivitis.
The most common eye allergy symptoms are the eyes feel sore or burning, sensitive to light, and swelling. These symptoms can be felt immediately when the eyes are exposed to allergic triggers, but the symptoms can only appear after two to four days.
Different Types of Eye Allergies
Actually small objects that cause allergies are not dangerous. However, when the small object touches the conjunctiva or the thin layer that protects the white areas of the eye, the immune system may mistakenly recognize it. This causes an immune system reaction that will make antibodies, until the eyes release histamine and other chemical compounds. This is what makes the eyes become itchy, red, and runny.
Eye allergies or allergic conjunctivitis are divided into the following types:
Giant papillary conjunctivitis
Seasonal eye allergies
Continuous eye allergies
Is a complication of the use of contact lenses that are not clean. If you like contact lenses, you should use disposable contact lenses to reduce the risk of this condition. However, if you are not fit to use contact lenses, do not force yourself.
Is an eye allergy arising from exposure to eye drops or cosmetics.
Called seasonal eye allergy because it generally occurs at the beginning of the dry season. At this time a lot of mold and pollen from plants flying in the air.
That is, not affected by the season and can occur at any time of the year. The causes other than dust and mites are perfume, cigarettes, air pollution, chlorine water, and certain drugs.
How to treat itchy eyes due to allergies
Itchy eyes due to allergic conjunctivitis are basically not a serious condition. However, if left untreated, it can reduce the quality of life and cause stress and anger, plus if complications occur. Here are some ways to deal with itchy eyes.
- Use eye drops 4-6 times a day to relieve itchy eyes. Eye drops that contain antihistamines can help relieve the symptoms of itchy and watery eyes. The use of antihistamine eye drops is often combined with other types of eye drops, such as decongestants to shrink blood vessels in the inflamed eye. Meanwhile, steroid eye drops are used in cases of prolonged eye allergy.
- If eye drops contain antihistamines, do not exceed 3 days in using them. You can consult a doctor and use eye drops as directed by your doctor. Also if you have glaucoma, don’t use eye drops that contain decongestants. If complaints occur due to the use of eye drops, consult a doctor immediately.
- Take medications to reduce the symptoms of eye allergies. These drugs include antihistamine pills such as loratadine and cetirizine.
- Avoid allergy triggers by limiting dust exposure. Use glasses when traveling to prevent small objects from getting into your eyes.
- Don’t rub your eyes even though it is very itchy.
- Compress with cold water to reduce itching in the eyes.
- If crust forms on the eyes, compress with warm water or wash with baby shampoo.
- Keep it clean. Use clean pillowcases. Wash bedding like sheets, blankets, pillowcases, regularly. In addition, if the mattress that you use has been more than a few years, replace it with a new one. Clean the floor, bathroom, and kitchen regularly using cleaning liquid.
- If you keep animals at home, clean the animals and their cages regularly. In addition, do not use carpet in a room that is often entered by pets because bacteria, fur, mites, dirt, are easily trapped in the carpet.
If you experience itchy eyes due to allergies, check with your doctor to get appropriate treatment and prevent more severe conditions.