Maybe striped skin does not always indicate a serious condition for health, but makes the owner uncomfortable. Because it is the outermost part of the body, any abnormalities in the skin will be easily seen by others.
The function of the skin itself cannot be underestimated. With an area of about 1.86 square meters, the skin is the widest part of the human body. It envelops the whole body as well as being the front line to receive heat, cold and touch stimuli, helps regulate body temperature, and protects the body when exposed to foreign objects, including germs that cause disease.
Striped skin, what are the causes?
The many functions carried by the skin can not be separated from the problem. One problem that often afflicts is the striking color difference between one part of the skin with another, or commonly called striped skin. Then, what causes striped skin can occur? Here are the reasons:
Exposure to Sunlight
Tanned skin, bluish or gray spots on the face, may be melasma. This skin problem commonly affects women aged 20 years to middle age. Women who are pregnant also often experience differences in skin color due to melasma.
Melasma is believed to have strong links with hormonal changes in a woman’s body and ultraviolet exposure from the sun.
This condition, also called sunspot, is a change in skin color in an area that is often in direct contact with sunlight for a long time. This striped skin often attacks the backs of the hands, face, shoulders, upper back, and instep.
The shape is in the form of small brown or black spots with varying sizes, ranging from the size of a pencil tip to the size of a coin. Striped skin due to this condition often occurs in people aged over 40 years.
If the two disorders above are categorized as hyperpigmentation which means excessive production of pigments or skin dyes, then vitiligo is the opposite. Vitiligo occurs due to lack of skin color production or hypopigmentation. This type of skin problem appears in the form of smooth, white spots on the surface of the skin.
Striped skin due to vitiligo is caused by damage to skin pigment-producing cells due to autoimmune disorders. So far no drugs have been found that can treat the condition of vitiligo.
The appearance of a darker color on the skin can also be caused by injury or injury. Skin sores such as blisters, burns, and infections can cause the skin to lose its pigment. Luckily, the striped skin caused by the wound is not permanent or can be cured. However, to restore the original color requires a short time.
Striped skin and black spots on the skin can also be caused by sun exposure. Indeed the skin does need sunlight to produce vitamin D which is useful for bones. But it must also be understood, too much sun exposure can also cause sunburn and discoloration of the skin. Exposure to sunlight triggers the skin to produce more melanin and become darker. In addition, sun exposure also reduces skin elasticity and causes dry, thickened and wrinkled skin.
Hyperpigmented striped skin, can also be caused by the use of certain drugs such as minocycline, endocrine diseases such as Addison’s disease, and the condition of hemochromatosis, aka excess iron in the body.
While hypopigmented striped skin can occur due to skin inflammation and fungal infections such as tinea versicolor. In children, striped skin in the form of white patches, smooth, and dry on the face is called pityriasis alba.
Actions That Can Be Done
To avoid striped skin due to sun exposure, always make sure to use sunscreen with sufficient SPF content. The SPF content above 30 is effective at protecting the skin.
If the skin is striped due to genetic disorders, then counseling can be done so as not to affect the psychological sufferer. Although it can not be treated, the use of appropriate cosmetics can cover it.
Treatment to deal with striped skin needs to be adjusted to the cause. Therefore it is important to consult a dermatologist to get further tests. Topical medications, such as ointments or creams, and possibly oral medications will be given by a doctor.
If the striped skin has affected the psychological condition, is difficult to remove, the cause is unknown, causes pain, or indicated symptoms of cancer, then immediately consult a doctor.