Keloid is one type of scar that is quite disturbing appearance because of its thick shape with a color that contrasts with the surrounding skin. But don’t worry, because there are ways to get rid of keloids
Keloids can grow on scars in any area of the body, but usually form on the chest, shoulders and head area. Keloids are generally experienced by those who have darker skin, but that does not mean that those with lighter skin cannot experience keloid formation. Keloids are also more common in people aged between 10 and 30 years.
Causes of Keloids
Keloids can be caused by various wounds, such as burns, pierced scars, surgical scars, scratches, and claw wounds. Normally when you have a wound, scar tissue or fibrous tissue will form over the injured skin to protect and repair it. But in keloids, the tissue continues to grow until it thickens and is larger than the wound itself.
Experts believe that keloids are genetically inherited in families. This means that someone is more likely to have keloids when injured, if their parents also have keloids. In some people, keloids even appear in small wounds such as broken zits and vaccinated injection scars. If you have hereditary risk factors, it is recommended not to do piercings, tattoos, or perform surgical procedures if the conditions are not too urgent.
How to get rid of keloids
Keloids are benign. However, uncontrolled growth of keloids can be a sign of malignancy. Although not dangerous, keloids may feel itchy and can become irritating. Especially if the keloid has friction with clothes. When exposed to the sun, keloid colors can darken and are permanent.
The disturbing form makes many people want to eliminate it. Try to do some ways to eliminate keloids below.
Corticosteroid injections in keloids
If you choose surgery as a way to get rid of keloids, your doctor will do surgery to cut the keloids. This method has a greater risk of developing other keloids in surgical wounds. To minimize this risk, doctors can combine surgery with other measures, for example with radiation or injecting steroids into the scar.
How to get rid of keloids with cortisocosteroid injections is quite safe, but quite painful. Corticosteroid injections will be given to the keloid section routinely once or two months, until the keloid part deflates. Even so, this injection can make the deflated part of the keloid leaving a reddish color because it stimulates the blood vessels in the surface area of the skin. In addition, if this injection has achieved maximum results, the scars on the skin usually still look different from other parts of the skin.
The way this one is done is by using liquid nitrogen which will freeze the keloid. This procedure can deflate the keloid, but usually leaves a dark scar on the surface of the skin.
Lasers can help flatten keloids and make the red color fade. However, this method is expensive and needs to be done several times.
This method uses silicone gel wrapped on the skin covered with keloids. Results can vary from patient to patient and use must take several months.
These chemotherapy injections are quite often used to treat keloids. Fluorouracil can be injected with steroids or without steroids.
Intereferon itself is actually a protein that is naturally produced by the immune system to help fight bacteria or viruses. Although it can deflate keloids, until now it is still unclear whether this method can provide permanent results or not.
How to get rid of keloids with radiation should be the last choice. This is because it is feared that radiation can trigger cancer.
With a variety of ways to eliminate keloids above, it is expected to restore your confidence. Consult your doctor first to determine the right method.