Head injuries can occur to anyone. The impact of head injuries are mild such as wounds on the scalp, to more severe impacts such as permanent brain damage. This risk is even higher when many people do not wear helmets when riding a motorcycle.
Head injuries can occur due to many things, such as fights, motor vehicle accidents, injuries during exercise, falls, or just bumping. Concussion is the most common type of head injury.
Concussion is a head injury that affects brain function. Apart from the impact and shock to the head, concussions generally occur due to hard shocks to the upper body. The brain is protected from shocks by brain fluid in the head. Therefore strong shocks and impact on the head or upper body can make the brain shake the inner wall of the head. This condition can be mild, but can also be fatal risk if it causes bleeding in or around the brain.
Here are some types of head injuries that are often encountered and caused by severe physical injury.
Concussion or concussion
Contusion or bruising
Brain hemorrhage or hematoma
Broken skull bones
Concussion is a type of head injury that is often caused by a collision with a blunt object, such as an injury while exercising, having a traffic accident, or getting hit. Concussion is caused by a shock, jolt, or shock that is very hard experienced by the head to disrupt brain function.
This type of head injury causes bruising and swelling of the brain.
Brain hemorrhage is a serious injury because it can cause you to lose consciousness or permanent brain damage due to excessive pressure in the brain.
Your strong skull can also crack due to very large shocks. Even a strong impact can break the skull bones to cause injury and brain hemorrhage due to bone fragments.
Concussion type head injuries can cause loss of consciousness. But in most cases, people do not experience loss of consciousness so many do not realize that they have a concussion. One thing is certain, each concussion can cause interference with the brain on a certain scale.
What are the Characteristics of People Affected by a Concussion?
Symptoms of a concussion due to a head injury may not be felt immediately, but can last from a matter of days to more than a few weeks. Here are some symptoms that are generally felt:
- Fainting / unconscious for some time.
- Feels like being in the fog.
- Ears ringing.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Eye dizzy and dizzy.
- The way of speaking becomes less clear.
- Disorders of body balance.
- Dazed, unable to answer immediately when asked.
Meanwhile, some of the following symptoms may be felt immediately, although there is a possibility that only a few hours after a head injury, including sensitive to light and noise, sleep disorders, psychological disorders and personality changes, impaired memory and concentration, depression, and being unable to taste.
Concussion in Children Need Special Treatment
In childhood, the human head tends to be relatively larger than the body as a whole. In addition, children move more actively everywhere than adults. The combination of these two situations causes children to be more likely to fall or collide with a concussion.
Children with head injuries should receive adult supervision during the first 24 hours after an accident. This is necessary because children, especially toddlers, may not necessarily be able to communicate what they feel, so any behavior changes need to be monitored further.
Signs of a concussion in a child can be identified by the following things:
- Crying excessively.
- Do not want to play with his favorite toys.
- Cranky and irritable.
- Tired and lethargic.
- Changes in diet and sleep patterns.
Provision of any medicine must be consulted to the doctor first to avoid the risk of bleeding in the brain. Furthermore, your child may be in an emergency condition and must be taken to the hospital immediately if you experience repeated vomiting, impaired body balance, impaired speech, changes in behavior such as irritability, headaches that get worse over time, unconsciousness / passed out for more than 30 seconds. Other symptoms to watch out for are vision problems and seizures.
After a Head Injury Occurs
In the post-injury state, the levels of chemicals in the brain also change and it takes some time to get back to normal. Resting is the best way to recover physically and mentally from a head injury. Forms of rest that can be done are as follows:
- Limit activities, which although it feels fun but require more concentration, such as reading, watching TV, or playing video games.
- Avoid activities that move a lot, such as sports, because of the risk of aggravating the condition of injury.
- Avoid taking drugs other than those prescribed by the doctor.
- In the recovery period, avoid doing two activities at the same time, such as eating while watching TV.
- We recommend that you delay traveling by airplane because of the risk of making recovery delayed.
The things above can also be applied to recover a child who has a head injury. You may still be able to do your normal activities, such as going to school or work, but it will be advisable to reduce work time or take breaks more often between activities. If you experience headaches, your doctor may prescribe pain medications, such as paracetamol. But as much as possible avoid the type of pain relievers who are at risk of causing bleeding, such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
In the examination, the doctor will examine the patient’s medical history and conduct a neurological examination which includes checking reflexes, balance, hearing, vision, coordination, concentration, memory, and strength of limbs and sensory nerves. CT and MRI scans may be needed to get a better picture of the inside of the skull to evaluate the condition of the brain and the structure inside the head.
Under certain conditions, head injuries are at risk of causing complications, such as epilepsy, headaches that are felt for months after injury, vertigo, and fatal brain swelling.
Preventing Head Injury
To avoid risk, it is very important to prevent head injuries in the following ways.
- Wear a helmet every time you ride a motorcycle, ride a bicycle, wear roller skates, and other similar activities. Wearing a helmet while driving can reduce the risk of head injuries by up to 85 percent. Make sure the helmet that you wear follows safety standards and is installed correctly.
- Wear safety gear when you exercise and risky recreation, such as white water rafting and flying fox.
- Wear a seat belt when driving in a car.
- Create a safe home for children and the elderly
- Regular exercise can help strengthen body muscles and body balance.
- Always read and obey safety standard instructions everywhere, whether traveling, in recreational areas, or in other public places.
It is proper for the head, as a vital organ where the body’s main functions are regulated and ordered, to receive more protection and attention to avoid dangerous risks. By always behaving carefully and prioritizing safety, can reduce the risk of head injury.