Healthy or not menstrual conditions can be an indication of whether your reproductive system is working properly or not. Menstruation that is abnormal or different from normal, may be a sign of a disruption in your reproductive system.
Generally a woman’s menstrual period is 2-7 days, while the menstrual cycle lasts for 21-35 days, with an average for 28 days. Although menstruation experienced by each woman has different characteristics, but there are some conditions that need to be watched out because it can be an indication of a health problem.
Look at Changes that Happen
Detecting abnormal menstruation or certain changes during menstruation, can be an indication of possible interference with the reproductive organs.
The following are some of the possible changes that can occur.
If your menstrual volume is more than usual
- Abnormal pregnancy or miscarriage
- Use of IUD (intrauterine device) or spiral as a method of contraception
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Blood clotting disorders
- Cervical cancer
- Polyps or fibroids in the uterus
If your periods slow down or even stop
- You are pregnant or while you are breastfeeding.
- Sports are too heavy or too frequent. The frequency and intensity of excessive exercise can affect the production and work of reproductive hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle.
- Experiencing eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. Limitations of calories in the body prevent the release of hormones needed in the process of ovulation.
- Other possible causes are obesity, taking oral contraceptives, disorders of the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that regulates reproductive hormone regulation), thyroid gland disorders, stress, disorders of the uterus, polycystic ovary syndrome, early menopause and other hormonal balance disorders.
If you experience excessive menstrual pain
If you experience bleeding between menstrual periods
Generally women release an average blood volume of 30-40 ml during menstruation per month. However, some women excrete more than 60 ml a month. This condition is called menorrhagia. If you need to change pads almost every hour, then you can be included in the category of these conditions.
Loss of blood causes the body to lose the iron needed to produce hemoglobin. Without enough iron, the number of red blood cells will decrease significantly, causing anemia. This condition is characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, pale, and shortness of breath.
This higher amount of menstruation can be caused by the following:
Excessive volume of blood that comes out can be reduced by taking oral contraceptives or tranexamic acid drugs that can increase blood clotting. However, if your menstrual volume is more than usual, see a doctor immediately. If after taking the drug your condition does not improve, the doctor will recommend undergoing an ultrasound examination to examine the pelvic organs.
The category of abnormal menstruation includes when a woman does not menstruate for 3 consecutive periods or has not experienced menstruation when she is 15 years old. This condition is called experiencing amenorrhea.
In addition, several other conditions may also cause amenorrhea such as:
See a doctor immediately if your menstruation stops, is irregular, or is often late for quite a long time.
Most women experience fatigue and pain during menstruation. However, some women feel more painful menstrual pain, which makes them unable to do activities. This condition is called dysmenorrhoea. It can be accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headache, back pain and diarrhea. Excessive pain during menstruation can be an indication of the presence of certain diseases, such as endometrosis and fibroids.
Anti-inflammatory drugs can be taken to prevent the production of prostaglandins as a cause of pain and reduce the pain they cause. It is recommended to see a doctor for proper treatment. Your doctor will likely recommend a pap smear test, pelvic examination, ultrasound, or laparoscopy.
Abnormal menstruation can be marked bleeding between menstrual periods. It should be checked immediately to detect possible interference. For example, vaginal sores to more serious illnesses such as cancer.
Pay attention if your periods change. In essence, you should immediately see a doctor if:
- Your menstrual cycle is less than 21 days or more than 35 days.
- Your period lasts more than 7 days.
- Having bleeding between menstrual periods.
- Experiencing unbearable pain when experiencing it
- Need to replace the pads until every hour.
- You have stopped menstruating for 12 months in a row, but then menstruated again.
Checking yourself as early as possible can make the possibility of interference due to abnormal menstruation can be treated immediately.