One way to get white skin is to use a whitening cream. Who does not want to have white skin? Everyone, especially womenfolk, certainly crave it. Then, what are the benefits of whitening cream?
Various types of whitening cream products were finally present on the market. A number of manufacturers issued a flagship whitening cream product that can make you tempted to try it. Actually how do whitening creams work to brighten your face?
The main factor that determines a person’s skin color is melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives color to your skin, eyes and hair. The more levels of melanin in the body, the darker the person’s skin. Vice versa.
Melanin protects the skin from damage caused by sunlight and enhances the skin’s reaction to sun exposure. Black spots or freckles that you often find on the surface of a person’s skin are a sign of increased melanin production in that area.
The amount of melanin in the skin is determined by genetic factors. In addition there are factors of sun exposure, the use of chemicals on the skin, hormones, and skin damage that can also trigger melanin production.
Melanin levels can be reduced naturally. By reducing the amount of sun exposure to the skin for a while. That way, melanin levels will decrease and the skin becomes normal again.
Another way to reduce melanin levels, namely by using whitening creams. Not only enlightening, whitening creams can also remove black spots, acne scars, or spots due to aging.
Know the content of your whitening cream
Whitening creams contain active ingredients or a combination of ingredients that can reduce the amount of melanin in the skin. Here are some ingredients that are often mixed into whitening cream.
- Hydroquinone. This ingredient is the main ingredient that is often used in whitening creams. In medical science, hydroquinone is considered a topical drug (topical) to inhibit melanin production and prevent the skin from darkening the substances that make it change color. The components also have strong antioxidant abilities.
In Indonesia, whitening cream products may not contain hydroquinone. However, there are also several types of cosmetics that are permitted by the Republic of Indonesia Drug and Food Control Agency (BPOM) to have this content. For example hair dye products that are allowed to have a maximum hydroquinone content of 0.3 percent and fake nails with a maximum hydroquinone content of 0.02 percent. While topical drugs or whitening creams that contain hydroquinone are not currently listed on BPOM.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA). Bleach creams also often contain AHA. According to research, creams with AHA content can inhibit melanin production.
AHA side effects are mild irritation and the skin becomes sensitive to the sun. Therefore, the use of sunscreen is very necessary if you apply a cream that contains AHAs. If you want to use AHA cream, start with products that contain low AHA levels. This is useful for getting used to the skin against AHA. Choose products that contain AHA according to your skin type.
Kojic acid. This is one of the derivative products produced from rice fermentation. Usually used to make sake (Japanese rice wine). Several studies have shown that kojic acid is effective in inhibiting melanin production.
Arbutin. Technically referred to as a natural source of hydroquinone or hydroquinone-β-D-glucoside. Arbutin is derived from the leaves of bearberry, cranberry, mulberry, or pear. The pure form of arbutin is believed to be more effective to brighten the skin.
Vitamin C. You must often see whitening creams that contain vitamin C. All creams that contain vitamin C are said to be effective in whitening the skin. Vitamin C and its derivatives such as ascorbic acid are considered effective antioxidants for the skin and help brighten the skin.
Mercury. Bleach creams that contain mercury can be dangerous for users, especially if used long term. The harmful effects of mercury that can cause kidney and nerve damage. High exposure to mercury in pregnant women can also cause disability and developmental disorders in the fetus.
Before buying, it is important to ensure the safety of whitening cream products so that you avoid the dangers of disease. After purchasing, do not immediately apply it to the face or body parts as a whole.
Do an allergy test first by taking a little cream, then rub it on the arm. Leave for 24 hours. If it causes irritation, burning sensation, itching, or other bad things, then it is better to stop using it. The best way is to consult with a dermatologist, which cream is suitable for your skin type and condition.