Some women feel a bad mood or mood, before the coming of the month. Recognize the causes and ways to prevent the effects stemming from hormonal fluctuations.
Mood changes are often the main characteristic of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). PMS is synonymous with depression, anxiety, sensitive feelings, melancholy, anger, even self-loathing. Not infrequently women who experience PMS tend to see things negatively. Other PMS symptoms that can appear are diarrhea, breast pain and cramps.
Hormone Changes as a Trigger
PMS are symptoms due to hormonal changes before the onset of the period. Generally this period occurs 1 or 2 weeks before the menstrual period, when estrogen and progesterone levels change dramatically.
Since the beginning of puberty, a woman’s ovaries begin to release the hormone estrogen. In one menstrual cycle, estrogen continues to be released until it reaches a peak during the release of eggs or ovulation. After that estrogen levels drop dramatically before finally slowly increasing again.
Functions and Normal Levels of Estrogen Hormones
The role of estrogen in general is to influence the production and effects of endorphins, the elements in the brain that bring a sense of comfort and pleasure. Estrogen will also increase serotonin levels which play a role in appetite, mood and sleep patterns. In addition, this hormone serves to protect nerves from damage and stimulate nerve growth.
Normal estrogen levels in one woman and another woman are different. Some women are also more sensitive to changes in estrogen levels in the coming period, than some other women. This group of women is the most susceptible to mood swings, even bad moods during menstruation.
Hormonal fluctuations can also affect body weight, appetite, and desire for sex. Being in a state of stress, anxiety, depression, or on a diet are some of the factors that can affect the ups and downs of the hormone estrogen.
Tips to Keep the Mood Stable When Coming
Changes in mood during menstruation or menstruation is not unavoidable. The following are some things that can be done to keep the mood more stable during menstruation:
- Try to move actively every day and exercise regularly, especially in the coming months.
- Take lots of mineral water.
- Fill your stomach with healthy snacks between the main meal schedules.
- Avoid foods and drinks containing caffeine.
- Avoid cigarettes and liquor.
- Consumption of low-fat milk or orange juice before the coming of the month to meet the needs of calcium and vitamin D which can prevent PMS.
- For some women, taking birth control pills can stabilize hormones and reduce the risk of PMS.
- In the period before and during menstruation, as much as possible limit yourself from unnecessary debate, especially in sensitive matters such as financial matters or personal relationships.
Do the tips above to prevent bad mood during menstruation, while keeping your body stamina fit. However, if PMS symptoms are already disturbing, you should consult a doctor. Including if the symptoms of PMS do not disappear until a few days after menstruation.