Almost everyone has experienced headaches. Perceived complaints can vary greatly due to the different conditions of each person. Headache at the back is one that is often complained of. What is the cause?

Headache is pain that can be felt on the eyes and ears, the top of the head, the back of the head to the upper neck. Therefore, each location of the onset of headaches, may indicate a different cause. Headaches can be caused by disorders of the structure of the head itself, including blood vessels, muscles, and nerves. Headaches may also be influenced by other factors such as suffering from an illness to environmental and psychological situations.

A series of factors triggers the back of the headache

Recognize the Causes of Back Headaches

To find out how to deal with back pain, you need to recognize the symptoms more. Some causes of back headaches include:

  • Tension headache

  • Lack of sleep, stress, tension, and hunger can trigger tension headaches. These headaches are generally experienced by adults, ranging from mild to moderate pain. When relapses, a person will feel tense and there is pressure on the forehead or the back of the head and neck for about 30 minutes to several days. Tension headaches can occur in a recurring state for less than 15 days per month, or chronic attacks for more than 15 days per month. Tension headaches generally do not hamper a person from doing activities.

  • Chronic daily headache

  • Chronic daily headaches occur almost every day for three months which is triggered by an injury to the neck or fatigue. This headache that attacks women more often occurs because the muscles in the back of the neck tighten. Physiotherapy is a suggestion to relieve chronic daily headaches. For certain cases, doctors can combine it with antidepressant drugs. Meanwhile, pain relievers are not recommended for chronic daily headaches because it can worsen the condition.

  • Headaches during physical activity

  • As the name suggests, this headache which is also called an exertional headache is triggered by a variety of physical activities, and can get worse if the type of activity is heavy enough, such as running, having sex, coughing or tightening the abdominal muscles during bowel movements. Exertional headaches can be felt in the back of the head, right behind the eyes or in all parts of the head. This pain usually lasts about 20 minutes. Generally, this headache does not indicate a serious problem, but may also be a sign of blood vessel disorders in the brain, although this is very rare. Even so, immediately consult a doctor if you are often stricken with this disease.

  • Occipital neuralgia (occipital neuralgia)

  • Occipital neuralgia is triggered by disorders of the occipital nerve that surround the spinal cord from the base of the neck to the head. This disorder arises due to pressure or irritation from the occipital nerve due to injury, inflammation or pinched nerve. These headaches are sometimes considered migraines because of the symptoms are almost the same. The pain that is felt in occipital neuralgia is generally like a sharp electric shock that pierces the head and neck.

  • Basilar migraine

  • Unlike migraine in general, which is felt on one side of the head, basilar migraine is felt on the back of the head, precisely in the basilar artery. These migraines often begin with aura symptoms, such as blurred vision, temporary blindness, dizziness, ringing in the ears, and speech and hearing disorders. But in addition to the symptoms that are quite disturbing, the migraine does not make the sufferer feel weak, although in certain cases, it should be watched out because this type of migraine is related to stroke. Immediately consult a doctor if you experience headaches with symptoms similar to basilar migraine.

In addition, poor posture, for example due to activities or daily work, as well as bending habits, can also cause tension in the back to neck area, it can also cause back headaches. Disturbances in the vertebrae (hernia nucleus pulposus) in the neck area, and cluster headaches also often cause back headaches, especially when lying down.

Beware of Serious Conditions

Most of the back headaches that occur actually do not need to worry. However, there are some symptoms that require further examination to a doctor or other medical expert. Beware of headaches that occur, if:

  • Accompanied by high fever, vomiting, or red eyes.
  • Accompanied by pain in the head, impaired vision, or pain in the jaw when chewing food.
  • Affects speech and balance.
  • Result in changes in behavior or memory disorders.
  • There is a history of head injury in the last three months.
  • Coming suddenly and unbearably different from your usual headache.
  • It does not quickly disappear but instead it gets worse.
  • Your body’s immunity is low, for example because of corticosteroid drugs or disease such as HIV.
  • Have or are suffering from cancer that has the potential to spread throughout the body.

Headaches are known to be more rarely experienced by those who practice a balanced diet, exercise regularly, manage stress well, consume lots of fluids, and get enough sleep.

Generally headaches occur without serious reasons. However, if you experience backaches accompanied by other symptoms or headaches that are different from those you have experienced before, see a doctor immediately.

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